Shares the article History, evolution and meaning of the flag of Spain: We're going to see the evolution of the various flags of Spain when ...
We are going to see the evolution of the various flags of Spain. When the flag of Spain was born? The current flag of Spain is born at the end of the eighteenth century, and was adopted as official flag of Spain during the reign of Isabel II, in 1843, abandoned during the Second Republic and back to adopt at the end of this. It is a bicolor flag, red and yellow, being the central yellow stripe and double width. But before I get to it, there was a long history of the Spanish flag, which reflects each of the historical moments of the country.
The Middle Ages, the hispanic kingdoms of the Iberian peninsula
Flags of the different Hispanic medieval kingdoms. At the end of the Middle Ages we have: the Crown of Castile (with the flag of the kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of León from the unification of 1230); the Crown of Aragon (with the flag cuatribarrada); the kingdom of Navarre (that incorporates in its flag chains won by Sancho VII in the Battle of Navas de Tolosa); the Muslim kingdom of Granada (with red background and the motto in Arabic script: "Only God is victorious") and the Kingdom of Portugal.
With the process of Union Dynastic Castilla And Aragón appears in the banner of Catholic Monarchs The Eagle of Saint John, that Symbolizes The Catholic faith, And in the barracks of the shield each of the different kingdoms of their crowns, including the Iberian peninsula from the Crown of Aragon. With the conquest of the kingdom of Granada, the Nasrid flag was discarded, appearing in its place a grenade as a symbol of the kingdom and by incorporating it into the barracks of the shield.
The Modern Age, the House of Austria in Spain
With the entry of the House of Austria in Spain, at the hand of Charles V we have the two-headed eagle of the Habsburg monarchy, and in the barracks every one of the kingdoms that make up. The division of the territories of the emperor between his brother Fernando and his son Philip caused the disappearance of spread eagle.
In parallel the thirds Spaniards carry in their flags the cross of San Andrés, red on a white background. The cross of San Andrés carrying will end up being a symbol of Spain.
The Modern Age, the House of Bourbon in Spain
With the arrival of the House of Bourbon with Felipe V arrived also the banner bourbon, white background with the royal coat; very similar to that of the other kingdoms with the same house prevailing: France, Parma, Tuscany and Sicily. So Carlos III decided to create a banner for the Spanish navy which will differentiate the Spanish ships and by a decree of 1785, is running a competition to be chosen as banner for the ships the flag red and yellow.
The Contemporary Age in Spain
The political division between Carlists and liberal was symbolized in the election of their flags: the Carlists, supporters of the former regime will be identified with the banner of the cross of St Andrew; the liberals, with the ensign of the navy, red and yellow. The military victory of the liberals will mean the choice of the red flag and yellow, which will be officially recognized as national flag in 1843, with Isabel II.
I Republic maintains the colors of the Spanish flag, but disappearing real symbology who will return with the restoration of the Bourbons, although there was a change project teaches that not prosperous.
It is in the II Republic when the flag becomes national tri-color, taking each of the strips the same width and putting colored purple, in commemoration of the banners carried by the comuneros of Castile, in the lower tier. The shield adopted is similar to that of the First Republic.
The rebelling side during the Civil War will return soon to the bicolor flag. The eagle of Saint John will be formally adopted as a shield in 1945.
Finally, in 1981, approving the national version of the shield until our days, because the Constitution of 1978 had been kept in its article 4 the same flag that had been approved by Carlos III. Except in the period from 1931 to 1936, it has only changed the shield.