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Ephemeris

Saturday 9 July 2011 6 09 /07 /Jul /2011 10:18

Recently, without penalty or glory, step in our country market, the anniversary of the battle of Bailen, one of the most decisive events of the contemporary history of Spain and also in Europe.

Why do "a glimmer of hope"? On 19 June 1808, the remains of the army of a nation allegedly expired won for the first time the until now invincible army of Napoleon, the master of Europe. And as today when i got up, i can't wait to see the glass half full, i couldn't stop to establish a historical parallels between those difficult days and not less difficult our.

The army of the Marshal Dupont (winner in umpteen battles in Central Europe) he was so confident, scorning the natives. His army was composed of troops -fledgling, kids without experience in the front (first mistake)... and even then could have been overcome, because in all the previous meetings the spaniards went fleeing before the push of the imperial cavalry: Why would it be different this time?

The second error and more fat than the previous was the sack of Cordoba. For three days, the French soldiers looted, burned, murdered, raped and looted to pleasure. Thought they had learned to the spaniards forever.

But the effect was just the opposite: the looting and indiscriminate murder ignited to the population in such a way that there came a moment in which there was no rifles for many volunteers. Here's my first thought: if you spend playing the candle too fuck to the staff, at the end you will face.

The Spaniards learned commands (finally)! lesson: nothing of peasants in risky jobs, which then went running -removal leaving the flanks; instead, placed marines , veterans of Trafalgar. When the dreaded imperial cavalry attacked, the machacaron. Second personal reflection: discipline and determination can overcome to a greater enemy, but entrusted in our weakness.

The French had no option by his greed: going so loaded with the treasures of the looting of Cordoba, who could not maneuver quickly, were too slow and in the end they had to fight on a plain sterile with the entire Solana, and with the Spaniards by controlling the only pit.

Here are the third and fourth reflections: greed and excessive can blind the enemy, nor water.

And, by the way, as soon as the news that the invincible French army had been defeated, all over Germany rose up in rebellion against Napoleon: the ambitious, the Despoiler of artistic treasures; the intended to form a united Europe not under criteria of equality, but converting to all Europe in a Paris economic colony.

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Tomb of Napoleon at the Invalides, Paris.

What I mean?

By blogtodohistoriaymas - Published in: Ephemeris
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Friday 22 April 2011 5 22 /04 /Apr. /2011 6:24 PM


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On 23 April 1521, in the near the village of Villarlar, were broken the hopes of the Comuneros, and with them the opportunity to put a stop to the exorbitant demands of Carlos V and their advisers, in particular the hated Monsieur Chevres (such was its rapaciousness tax people invented the following litany when it appeared a gold coin: "Miracle of God, a duchy in two, that does not stop with Xevres vos" ).

The lifting of the comuneros had been directed by Toledo that already before that Charles V of Spain had departed for his imperial coronation, had been expelled from the corregidor and established a community. During the month of July the revolt spread by Castilla la Vieja. In that same month Toledo convened a meeting in Avila, but attend only four cities: Toledo, Segovia, Salamanca and Toro.

The Royal Council tried to react: the royal army is trying to dominate the fees deposited in Medina del Campo and the population is reluctant to hand over weapons that are to be used against Segovia. A major fire destroys much of the villa. The news is spreading like wildfire on Castilla and thirteen of the eighteen cities with vote in slices join the rebel junta in Tordesillas.

The rebels seem to owners of the situation, but the same popular success of call will cause his ruin. The castilian aristocracy is passed to the real cause, Burgos so closely linked to Flanders for their trade, abandons the cause in October and the royal army, with the help nobiliar sheds outside Todesillas the Communards in December of 1520. The Board now moves to Valladolid and at the end of February 1521, the army comunero seizes Torrelobaton, the strength of the Admiral of Castile. But the die is cast.


In the field of battle, the comuneros were not enemy for the Royal Army, and the noble, defeated in Villarlar. The next day, they were executed the leaders of the rebellion: Juan de Padilla, representative of Toledo, Juan Bravo, of Segovia and Maldonado, of Salamanca. With regard to the nobility, immediately claimed his reward in the form of richeness.

From now on, no legal brake will defend the kingdom against the authoritarianism of the Royal House of Austria and the Cortes de Castilla, are now a simple machine to approve some exorbitant taxes to finance an imperial policy that will ruin forever.

Toledo withstood six more months, to the front of the last rebel leader, the bishop Acuña. Captured and imprisoned in the castle of Simancas was executed to stick. Toledo had to capitulate in October 1521.

Spanish movement, urban movement, the movement was a movement comunero truly popular.

By blogtodohistoriaymas - Published in: Ephemeris
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