Our history has traditionally been divided into in prehistory and history, is to split your time in Antigua, Media, modern and contemporary. We will see here the main events in the Prehistory and Ancient History; at the end of which, the process romanizador had achieved the establishment of the Latin, the language of which derives from the Spanish.
- Prehistoric and Protohistoric period:
The Prehistory begins with the arrival of the human species to the Peninsula (Atapuerca, around 800,000 years) and would cover up to the colonization, in the first millennium B.C.
The Protohistoric period would begin with the Phoenician and Greek colonization, who founded colonies and factories in the mediterranean coast peninsular (Cadiz, Mainake, Ampurias ... ). In parallel, waves of people of celtic culture settle on the Peninsula.
In the middle of the first millennium, is already the division between celts, Iberians and Iberians.
The defeat of Carthage in the first Punic war (264-241 B.C. ) and the loss of their possessions in southern Italy, it causes this power search Iberia lost territory.
- Ancient History: The Iberian Peninsula enters into the history of the big door and violently, with the arrival of the Roman armies of Scipio to end with the main reserve of men and metals of Carthage in the second Punic war (218-201 B.C. ).
The arrival of Rome involved the conversion of Hispania in roman province. Hispania will be divided into two provinces: Citerior and further.
The hardness and rapaciousness of Rome in Hispania caused the rebellion of the Lusitano (the hand of Viriato) and of the Celtiberians (site of Numancia). The victory of the Roman Republic - Numancia in the 133 bc - was total and only at the end of the republican era, only the Cantabrian territory was outside the domain of Rome.
The Cantabrian territory will be conquered by Augustus in the late first century B.C. Augusto splits Hispania in three provinces: Hispania Baetica, Lusitania and Tarragon.
In the third century the Roman Empire goes into crisis and reorganized the provinces. Diocletian creates two provinces more: Gallaecia and Carthaginian. All pass to belong to the Diocese of Hispania, within the Prefecture of Gaul.
To conclude, our Ancient History ends with the arrival of the Visigoths and the end of the Roman Hispania in the V century begins the Middle Ages. Although according to many historians it will not begin until the arrival of the Arabs in 711.