June 30, 2012

Up or will we tolerate these horrors?

Chronic published in Maroc-Hebdo of December 2009

Always topical, alas!

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Each day brings us a series of misfortunes and scandals. Each day, of this land called holy but if bruised, come from information on a new escalation in the horror. We think of its Jews of the diaspora who have the gaze turned to Israel and who do not understand. We think of these Israelis if proud of the country they have built and who see the implementation of so many years from unravelling. We think of all these survivors of the Shoah and their descendants who see with horror, in Israel, the acts that they had hoped no longer review.

The arrogance and the impertinence of the Israeli right, the blind fanaticism of the religious, are in the process of destroying, more likely than there would be no intifadah, the State of Israel.At the end of this year, we would like to find reasons for hope and wishes to formulate reasonable. Unfortunately, 2009 has brought only disappointments and hopes of betrayed.The path of peace does not pass by the destruction of Palestinian homes, the non-respect of the right to freedom of movement of people and goods.The path to peace is through dialog, by the sincerity of the commitments, the newfound confidence among the interlocutors and the will to succeed. Far away we are! Faced with a dying process, to say more, the temptation to renunciation and the resignation is great. This must be resisted by denouncing the maneuvers of Benjamin Netanyahu.

The continuation of the colonization, it is the theft of another's property, the dispossession high under cardinale by a government of which we would have liked to see that a majority of Israelis do not recognize. This is the government that prevents the Palestinians to build or operate 44% of the West Bank under the pretext of military zones and the safety of the settlers. These restrictions imposed on Palestinians by Israel are intended to put the barriers to the development of necessary infrastructure, such as roads, schools, medical centers.

But the worst was to come. The rumour of the levies of bodies imposed to the Palestinians, a horror in which no one wanted to give faith and horror and damnation, it proves true.The statements of the Israeli doctor Yehua Hiss, a former director of the institute main medico-legal of Israel Abu Kabir, leave no doubt. It confirms: "The corneas have been levied on the corpses of a informal way. No permission was requested to the family. " He said that since 1987, a year before his arrival, the military surgeons used of the skin levied on body for transplants of burned.

The Ministry of Health has just to recognize the facts by stating that he had been put an end to these practices it was ten years ago. At the time, he adds, the rules were not clear. Poor excuse which is contrary to the first of the Jewish Law that considers the body of a deceased person inviolable, in result of the Nuremberg code (1947), of the Declaration of Helsinki (1964), Tokyo (1975), Venice (1983) ,Hong Kong (1989) and simply to the ethics of the medical world.How can one believe that we can build peace with both of ignominy. The dream of a just peace, allowing a cohabitation of the two peoples, in the respect of human dignity is well placed to evil.When the peace-loving Israelis will stand up as one man to say "enough, are you in" to the current men of power, when they will return to their utopian dreams, these extremists, gravediggers of the State of Israel, a dream that has lulled generations both of Jewish, then the hope will return.The impunity cannot be perennial for these spoilers of the peace.

Not having the genius of Charles Baudelaire, i borrow a him to conclude, these few to of its warning to the reader in his work: The flowers of evil.

"It is the devil who is the son that we have left no stone unturned!

"Repugnant to the objects we find be based;

"Each day toward the hell we descend to a not,

"Without horror, through the darkness that stink.


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April 21, 2012

Die for the freedom and dignity

INTERVIEW WITH AYOUB AKIL

Published in the number of April 2012 of the magazine Prospects Mediterranean, under the title:

"Die for the freedom and dignity"

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Moroccan Jewish who has accompanied by Yasser Arafat in his fighting for peace on Palestinian land, Gabriel Banon has not escaped the frontal attacks which it is the object. Neither the insidious campaigns that are trying to discredit her. Not of what achieve this sherpa broken to the ploys of negotiations impossible. Always alert, its statements remain edifying when the meaning of the shots of accelerator that the Arab world has in the past few months.

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You criticize the fact that some reduce your role with the Chairman Arafat, in a single mission of negotiations with the Israeli authorities for the resumption of the pension fund for Palestinian employees. Your comment?

- Some journalists, particularly of the Lebanese installed in Paris and of the Israeli bloggers (extremists) minimized my role with the Chairman Arafat, the returning to a one-time mission, the negotiation with the Israelis and the organization of the Palestinian pension fund. In doing so, he sought to discredit my testimony about Yasser Arafat, a man sincerely seeking peace, with the installation of a Palestinian State in Israel, in a peaceful coexistence, as befits between "cousins" as well as he liked to say.

Suite to what you call "disinformation campaign obvious", you just to even publish a facsimile of the letter of Yasser Arafat addressed to the Secretary of State of the American era, Warren Christopher, informing him of the extended to your mission……

- I have to repeatedly making corrections in the biography that Google me spent. But, being a document that is open to all, regularly, some stakeholders, wanting to be more informed that the concerned, were conducting corrections that I consider to be of the pure disinformation. Also, is in excess, I have decided to make public the letter that I submitted to the American Secretary of State on the part of the President Arafat. It not only describes carefully my role to the President, but is attached, copy of the decision taken by the Palestinian National Authority, proving that this was not a presidential initiative, but a decision discussed and adopted by the PNA. (Palestinian National Authority

You feel that the controversy around the editorial of the magazine TelQuel moroccan francophone should stop because the problem, if there is problem, is wrong. In what sense?

The problem is wrong, because it is not a question of whether yes or no, the Moroccan women must wear veils, but try to understand this resurgence of Moroccan women veiled since the arrival of the PJD in power.For me, the question of the wearing of the veil has been settled once and for all, when, late Mohamed V, King of Morocco, Commander of the faithful, has asked his daughters, the princesses, to the exit and thus give the example. They did publicly to Tangier, where the late Princess Lalla Aicha made a speech, including the former to remember.

What reading do you make of the Arab spring?

Before any thing, the Arab spring has demonstrated, jellyfish in the world, particularly western, that the Arab world could fight and die for the freedom and dignity.It has demonstrated the rising power of the middle class and the new generations broken in new techniques, particularly those of communications, such as the Internet.

What are the lessons that can be drawn from this revolution?

- These revolutions, which are far from being completed, cannot conceal the economic problems which must, sooner or later, impose the new leaders, be they Islamists, realism and pragmatism, in a globalized economy.

What future for the Arab world after these upheavals?

After these upheavals, the future will be what the Arab world will be. Either a move toward democracy and development, i.e. a decline on oneself, and the return to the obscurantism. But this return, will not only delay the maturity and the taking into account the aspirations and problems of peoples.

What future for the israeli-palestinian negotiations?

Today, the peace process is dead, it must be said. The current attempts are pathetic, when we know that no progress is possible, as long as the American presidential elections are not completed.

Have you read "The King predator", if yes, what is your comment on the contents of the book and the controversy that he created?

I read "The King predator". It was a lot of honor and credit that was given to him, in the censorship.The authors, who say they are: investigative journalists, have relayed the against-truths, of the "we-said" and "he-seems ". They have made a "survey" to load, without try to provide a coherent economic analysis. That gave me all the air of a regulation of auditors and from a rule against attack in some people, who have as default, than to serve.

As an economist proved, you feel that consider the company as a whole under the hegemony of capitalism would be a mistake….

. The Company is the fact of three actors and partners: the capital, the work and the State. The capital is represented by, the shareholders, the work by the staff and the State by the supervisory authority. The management of the enterprise orchestra all these players, in seeking the best possible advantage. The problem is not the profit, but its distribution. That one of the parties do not know the other, and we have ended up, then, to a hegemony unacceptable and dangerous.

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February 10, 2012

The irrational in the conquest of the policy

If we let the irrational invade the political sphere, the religious encroach on the individual freedoms, the tagging along religious become the merits of the political strategy, the Arab world reserves then other revolutions and of other aftermath which catatonic.

Attention!

An Islamist parliamentary calls for the prayer, in full meeting of the Egyptian parliament and has been called to order. An Egyptian artist of renown, is sentenced to prison closed, for films shot several years ago and judges contrary to Islamic morality. In Tunisia, the court prohibits pornographic sites judges and contrary to Islamic morality. In Morocco, an Islamic leader said: "Do not be in agreement on religious law, is to be against God". There are a few months ago, a Moroccan parliamentary, in full meeting questions to the government has declared, urbi et orbi, that all Friday, he prayed for the death of all Jews. Outcry, tub and article that I have committed and that i reproduce below.


Article published in Maroc-Hebdo of march 2011


Why the hairdressers?

fanatisme1A quidam a little drunk every moment between in a bar in shouting: he must kill all the Jews and the hairdressers! The room, as one man, answers him: why the hairdressers?

Mohamed Oumouloud, member UC, elected to the Nation, saving the hairdressers. He wants to "only" the annihilation of all Jews by the virus of the H1N1 flu virus. It leaves them not even the choice of their death. This "Death to the Jews" of memory loss has no place in Morocco and of " nazillons" as the sieur Oumouloud should not have the right of cited, were they elected by an electoral body abuse. This member of Imezgane, without smell and tasteless, shown unknown, said at the meeting of oral questions and confirmed to the press: "i asked God that he exterminated the Jews and the swine flu descends on them. "

If such utterances were made during a drinking party in an estaminet any, they would not have exceeded the walls of an institution. But it is in the solemn forum of Parliament that this affront to common sense and decency has been made and more is, by a member of the national representation. Oumouloud has failed in its mission of elected in the Nation. It is supposed to represent and defend all the elements of the Nation, ensure the unity of the Moroccan people and to respect the interests of minorities. Instead, it has betrayed its King and the legacy of His late Majesty Mohamed V on the subject. In response to the insistence of the occupants during the last world war, he said: "I have not of Jews and Muslims, I have that of Moroccan citizens, they are part of an indivisible whole. If you insist on, among other things, the port of the yellow star, then me and my children will be the first to the porter"

Our King, such as the Constitution says, is the protector of rights and freedoms of citizens, social groups and communities. His Majesty Mohamed VI has always standby to the unity of the Nation and to the protection of minorities. The link almost carnal that linked, the Moroccan Jews to the throne cherifian has never distended, be they in Europe, the Americas or in the Middle East. He has betrayed his party, the constitutional Union, Bouabid Master of fire. Created by a handful of men, Muslims and Jews, concerned for the general interest, UC has always fought for the development of the people without exclusive. Does he know, this nazillon in herbs, that the CPU has had a Jewish member, Oj O'Hana, who was president of commission to the Parliament and Simon Levy of Agadir adviser to the second House. He has betrayed the Constitution which stipulates in article 6:The Islam is the religion of the State, which guarantees freedom of worship to all. It must be recalled that the preamble to the Constitution declared that the Morocco reaffirmed its commitment to human rights as they are universally recognized. Because the connection of Oumouloud is really an attack against the minorities and an incitement to violence.

The competent authorities should focus on this case and decide the legal suites which are needed. He has betrayed the Islam that by the holy book, the Koran, recommended the tolerance and respect for the peoples of the book, the descendants of Abraham. He has betrayed the Morocco it is supposed to represent. It is attacked to the image of the country, always cited as an example for its tolerance and the peaceful coexsistence of all components of the people, including the Jews. It is a case of the sorcerer's apprentice who plays with the words which the exceed. In the morgue, the carelessness and stupidity, Mohamed Oumouloud adds the lie. We do not pray every Friday in the Mosque for the disappearance of the Jews. Since these long years of his life that he requested the Eternal, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the God of Ismail and of Muhammad, and that the Jews are still there, it does not seem that the Almighty is decided to fulfill his vow. Logically, it should either stop to pray, either to convert.

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November 01, 2011

Turkey, counterbalance to Iran in the Middle East

Article published in Postures, of the Mode and the Policy, in 2011.


The arrival of the Islamist party, the AKP, to power in Turkey, has raised concerns about the democratic future of the country. Erdogan, since his enthronement as the chief executive, has been consistently give of assassins on his Islamism "moderate". Should we believe him, or consider the moderation of his beliefs as a strategy of conquest, as the protested his opposition.

turquie drapeauThere are two powers, economic, military and political, to the edge of the Middle East: the Iran and Turkey. Each, with an agenda that he is clean, try to take, see to impose its leadership in this part of the world. Iran, since the arrival of Khomeini, after the deadly war with Iraq, has deployed a strategy of conquest of the Muslim world. Undisputed leader of wire of Shia Islam, Tehran deploys a increased and active presence in the countries of the Middle East. It is hampered by the axis Sunni led by the Saudi Arabia, who criticized him for being his proselytizing. This has resulted in serious setbacks, such as in Morocco or the diplomatic relations are broken up to this day. Turkey, a first time, tried a policy of rapprochement with Iran. Quickly, the incompatibilities have not been slow to take the not on an alliance against-nature, and show the limits of an "dekamilisation" too fast of the country. Turkey, by its situation Eurasian, has always been, and remains a crossroads of economic exchanges, cultural and religious. A horse on two continents, Europe and Asia, in the middle of strategic axs, Russie-Mediterranee and Balkans-Moyen Middle East, Turkey is today on the trace of oil and gas pipelines, of major importance, not only for the region, but for the whole of Europe. Its importance will be strengthened by the day, in the light of the political events that have shaken as well the Middle East, the world of hydrocarbons that tensions related to the problem of the water, to the Iranian nuclear issue, without forgetting "the Arab spring".

The contradictions of the Turkey of today

Since 1923, the date on which, by the will of Mustafa Kemal, who will later the name of Atatürk, Turkey has become a democratic republic, unitary, constitutional, secular, it has never stopped to move closer to the West. Member of the NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the Council of Europe and of the G20, it has filed his candidacy to be part of the European Union of 1963, with which it has concluded a customs union agreement, in force since 1996. It is interesting to note that she has been able to preserve of privileged links with the countries to the predominantly Muslim population, as it: the Middle East and Central Asia. The secularity of his regime has not, under the leadership of its Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's Islamist party, the AKP, to participate in the organization of the Islamic Conference. Since the arrival to power of the AKP, which is considered an Islamic party "moderate" , the policy of the Turkish government is a perpetual acrobatics, both on the inside and outside.

It is sufficient to look at a map of this region, to realize the problems posed to the turkey. The Sea carte-turquieBlack with Russia as a nation and the waterfront passage obliged to its fleet by the Bosphorus, Georgia, Armenia, Iran and more to the south, Syria, are not neighbors of any rest. Without forgetting the Bulgaria and Greece, crossing point obliged for Europe. Striving to make gestures to his capable and powerful neighbor to the north, Russia, Erdogan goes so far as to refuse to his ally, the United States, the use of its territory to open a Northern front in Iraq. Moscow has always considered the Turkey as close to Washington and a strategic rival in the post-soviet Eurasia. Pragmatic, the Russians are trying to a new bilateral relationship with the main engine is the development of trade and the highly geopolitical interest for the oil and gas pipelines, existing and future, which cross or cross the Turkey. Acrobatics yet, to reconcile this new given with Russia and the Atlantic alliance. The Americans still have bases in Turkey and the Turkish army is Americanized to 100 %, both by its equipment, that by the training of its military elites. In addition to their approaches widely shared folders on the Iranians and Iraqis, Turkey and Russia maintain, each, of ties with Israel. As regards Turkey, they were closer in time. The clouds that have accumulated on the israeli-palestinian relations turkish will melt away, sooner or later. Of interest crusaders are too many common and the ally, the United States , too powerful. With a neighbor concern that is Iran, how do you reconcile the new policy of opening to his regard and the continuation of the collaboration with Russia and the United States, all two sharing the desire to stem the radical Islamist movements?

The acrobatic Erdogan

erdoganThis squaring of the circle and brought under control so far by the Prime Minister Erdogan, could give the Turkey a key role, on the one hand in the establishment of peace in the Middle East and on the other hand in the development of a compromise acceptable to the problem posed by the Iranian nuclear. In the country, the domestic policy wishes of the funambulisme. Faced with a secular Constitution and an army concerned with its role as guardian of the temple, a disparity in the economic development of the country, Turkey is located at a crossroads: the European Union, the Trojan horse of the United States, the obliged to Russia or the big game Islamist of the Middle East. Re-elected for the first time by a majority Islamist (46.7 % of the votes), Dr. Woodhouse of little the absolute majority in the last elections (49.9 % ). If Receip Tayyip Erdogan and his party are making a better score than in 2007 to the legislative, to 4 members near (proportional system forced) he missed the majority of two thirds. It will have to negotiate with the opposition parties if he wants to bring its reforms and especially change the Constitution. Erdogan still seems to want to integrate the European Union, but the Europeans, particularly France, by the reluctance shown by its President, Nicolas Sarkozy, take a dim view of the arrival in the Union of more than 70 million Muslims. For a Europe which refers to its Christian roots, and this fact disorder. The arrival of Erdogan at the head of the Turkey has been considered by the political observers as a first step in disengagement of the Turkish people of the grip of the military. It has even been called the leader of moderate Islamist. But for the opposition, the apparent moderation in the beliefs of Erdogan, is that a strategy of conquest. The outcome of recent elections nullifies the main yard policy of Recep Tayyip Erdogan: the constitutional reform. It presages a presidentialization of the regime, to the French, and a minimization of the role of the army. The AKP, the party of Erdogan has failed to "siphon" the voice of the extreme nationalist right and is located in front of a CHP (the Republican Party of the people) strengthened. But it needs to recognize the success. He was able to hoist his country 17E Rank of the economies of the world, whereas in 2001 Turkey was on the verge of bankruptcy, victim of the mismanagement of the previous governments.

The glory otomane found

Its monopolistic trends are concerned. Its fans, on the other hand, are quite grateful to him for having built of clinics, schools, libraries, the roads throughout the country. Before the difficulties he encounters in Brussels with his candidature to integrate the European Union, Erdogan to console by taking the role of defender of the Palestinian cause. This new posture him to be a star for the arab street. In fact it is currently in the process of replacing the European dream by that of the Ottoman glory restored, capitalising on the new international stature of the Turkey. But the areas of shadow come put a downside to this idyllic picture: the imprisonment of journalists, the derivatives of a police on the orders of the government, the brutality toward his detractors and opponents of the hegemonic tendencies of the party in power. The election of the members of the superior council of judges and prosecutors who is translated by the will of the AKP to politicize this institution, is an index patent of the danger threatening the process of democratization. The Kurdish question is never far away in the Turkish policy: the imprisoned leader of Kurdish rebels, Abdullah Ocalan, was recently Ankara threat of total war if serious negotiations do not undertake between the power and the rebels.

"The apparent moderation beliefs of Erdogan is only a strategy of conquest."

The opposition press doubt of the real intention of Erdogan to negotiate and reach out to its opponents. If a turkish on two voted for Erdogan, one must consider, also, that a turkish on two him is opposed. After these elections to the taste of incompleteness, Erdogan will he strive to unlock the moribund negotiations with the European Union and revive an accession process in distress? Will he rather to confirm its ambition to make Turkey a regional power? As all the world, the "Arab spring" has been the surprise. If he has took fact and cause for the young people of the Tahrir Square, in Cairo, it is because of the links between the Egyptian Muslim brothers and the AKP, and its rivalry with Mubarak on the Arab arena. In Libya, he has had by against more difficult to drop his friend Qaddafi. It will join in the action of NATO that reluctantly. The current situation in Syria he poses a considerable problem. This neighboring country is the access road from Turkey in the Arab world. The two countries had come together, to the point of adopting a system of movement without visas. The exchanges and contacts had multiplied. Also the Turkey has much to lose, seen the chaos that threatens Syria. The affluence of the refugees at the border, the extreme brutality of repression has led Erdogan to take its distances with el-Assad. This, for the time being, in the Arab world,as a model of democracy, the Turkey will need to convince the Europe and the world that it really has a positive role to play in the Middle East. Since Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, no Turkish politician has concentrated as much power, that Erdogan, today. The question, which remains full, why do?

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June 15, 2011

The new fields of battle

Article published in Postures, of the Mode and the Policy, in 2011.


Wikileaks has sparked, with its hundreds of diplomatic telegrams pirates, has demonstrated the vulnerability of States, however powerful they, before this new form of aggression. 250,000 Confidential diplomatic cables have found themselves suddenly dispersed in the nature. This is the set of cables of the last six years of the Department of State of the world's greatest power, the United States of America. The whole has been duplicated, quite simply, with a USB key. Today, there are no more clashes, political or military, who are not accompanied by computer attacks. The military have not waited for the criminal actions and spectacular of Julian Assange, owner and founder of the site Wikileaks has sparked, to consider the cyberspace as the fifth theater of operations.

wlogoAre, at the cutting edge of new strategies and structures it, defense and attack, the military powers such as Russia, the United States, China, Iran, Israel and North Korea. Everyone is aware that the sophistication of attacks will grow, and that all disaster scenarios are conceivable. Hack into, for example, the software of the switchmen of the European sky is possible; the do, would zipper up his lips! on the ground with the whole of the airlines' fleets of all companies. Enter the computer program of the banks (this has happened) can, on a large scale, block the entire banking system. The attacks can be sophisticated and selective. This has been seen in the blockage of nuclear centrifuges of the Iranian program. It took several days, to remedy the damage caused by a virus intelligent aggressive. This worm, called Stuxnet, had been introduced in Iran by a simple USB key. Tehran has been obliged to recognize that its nuclear program had been momentarily idle. Isaac porch, in the Bulletin of the Atomic Change (IPCC) report declared, wrote: "The effect detected on the computers in Natanz and of Bushehr in Iran has implications terrifying for all countries, including the United States, including the gas pipelines, chemical plants and nuclear centrifuges, between other, depend on similar equipment". Viruses, like the worm Stuxnet, are erected to destroy, slow down of programs or disrupt the orders and the chains of commandments. This is the real instruments of sabotage.

No country, as large and powerful it is, is immune to such attacks. And there is no need to be a great power to control the computer technologies, nor a State to carry out such actions. Richard Clark, the former adviser to Bill Clinton for the terrorism, mentioned a few scenarios disasters: trains who derail in earth, the chemical plants that explode, the nuclear power plants which are cracking, the collisions of aircraft in the sky, of satellites which fall… The military experts believe that no State is immune to a surprise attack, conducted by hackers, or independent state, which would paralyze, certainly for a time, the set of networks of the country. Patrick Pailloux, director of the national agency of the security of information systems (ANSSI) insisted: "Our societies have become more and more dependent on computer systems for live. A generalized failures could have dramatic consequences".

Since 2009 the Anssi organized cyber defense of France. We must realize, we are in the middle of the war of the information. Some experts believe that Richard Clark is going a little too far in its scenarios disasters but also recognize that "with the computer systems, everything is possible, even the worst". After the earth, the sea, the air and space, cyberspace has become the fifth theater of operations, for the military. The computer crime has made huge progress. The search of the computer performance, the competition and sometimes the search for illicit financial gain have create the real computer experts, from Hackers, that we are continuing the wrath of justice. But often, they are eventually integrated into the defense structures of government. The large corporations, themselves objects of the condemnation of hackers, resigned ourselves to integrate them into their organizational structure. Today, in the defense of Julian Assange of Wikileaks has sparked by the anonymous hacker attacks, sites of Visa, Mastercard, Bank of America, it is important to realize that the Cyberspace is between of full foot in the political sphere. We will see, in the next election campaigns, in Europe, the United States and elsewhere, to the attacks of blocking of sites or of disinformation by the alteration of the candidate's messages.

This is no longer science fiction, but the disturbing and sad truth. It has become the language of Aesop : it is the most cyberguerreWonderful and the most dramatic progress that the world have experienced after the nuclear. We can situate the first warlike events in cyberspace in 2007, during the conflict between the small Baltic Republic, Estonia and Russia. The computer attacks had paralyze Estonia for three weeks. Patrick Pailloux pointed out: "There is less and less of conflicts on the planet, they are warm or cold, which are not accompanied by computer attacks". Georgia, in August 2008, also in conflict with Russia, has seen its sites tied up over several days. A little before the Olympic Games in Beijing, the international network of the Dalai Lama has been violently attacked in response to pro-Tibetan protesters who disrupted the journey of the Olympic flame. Closer to us, in July 2009, the institutions of the South Korea and the United States have suffered the assaults, presumably of origin Old , which have caused the shutdown or slowing of computers. It is clear that cyberspace has become a means of action, protest, espionage, and attack. "The more time passes, the more the attacks will be more sophisticated and it will be serious "said the director of the Anssi. The computer crime or cybercrime, will attract more and more off-the-law, gangsters or terrorists. It is less costly and easier than to manufacture an atomic bomb or mount an attack of postal van. The risk is lower because it is, often, very difficult to go back to the sources. The cyber attacks have this in particular, that it is extremely difficult to know where they come from. It is not known from which they emanate from exactly. It may be as well to a status that of a tiny group or of an isolated individual. According to the specialist on the matter, the China can count on the support of 20,000 " hackers patriots" and is at the origin of a third of the malicious programs in the world. Will there be a day a virus replace an air strike against for example the iranian nuclear facilities? May-be.

Cyberspace gives, today, of the dangerous powers and disproportionate to the small States and to individuals or groups of individuals insignificant. The major States take the risk very seriously. Russia seems to rely on the IT organization Russian Business Network, China has created a specialized structure within his staff, the United States have created a cybercommandement within the US Air Force, Israel has been organized with the discretion he is known for, France has created the National Agency of the security of information systems, following Germany, the United Kingdom and soon the rest of the planet which will not be able to resign ourselves to suffer. As for the terrorist organizations, they use for the time the backdrop for their propaganda and recruitment. But they have mastered better and better computer technology. Also we can expect anything. We will attend the new military strategies, because the cyberspace abolished all borders.

Internet was established forty years ago now. Today, the network of networks is an indispensable tool for all States, groups of activists, of enterprises and individuals who contribute to making a business support, communication and a media hyper-sensitive, it should be to control. How to participate in this information warfare, to protect oneself against it ? These questions needed to develop a strategy for security and power to a national community. War is a chameleon, said Clausewitz (Prussian military theorist, author of a major treaty of strategy) to emphasize the changing nature and unpredictable. Cyberwar is a chameleon which covers various aspects. It always takes place in the fog and the anonymity. However, we can define different forms of conflict:

  • The sabotage operations or humiliation of symbolic,
  • The operations conducted by a State to muzzle of sites of opponents. This is the infringement of freedom of expression,
  • The action of a military organization state leading, in attack or defense, the IT operations likely to affect the operational capabilities of another army.

Intimidation, sabotage, the use of weapons to paralyze the digital "real weapons" these are the aspects of this new field of battles which fact say has a lot of experts that the conventional war, inter-state, has lived. The problem of information warfare is not only computing, it is more generally that of the new symbolic violence and techniques. It will depend on our ability to establish a code of new wars. The establishment of this doctrine or of this system, will be all the more difficult in that it will also learn how to apply to the actors that it can neither name nor identify. It is likely that the cyberwar is only just beginning. In this case it will be too serious a matter to be entrusted to the engineers and the military. It will ask a genuine invention policy.

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June 01, 2011

The underside of the sovereign debt

Article published in Postures, of the Mode and the Policy, in 2011.


The crisis of "subprime", which had taken its growth in the U.S. , is propagated in the developed world, and until this day mortgage the western economies and penalizes the emerging countries. Has this crisis caused by the financial speculation in a virtual world economic detached from the realities, is grafted the sovereign debt crisis. The globalization of trade fact that no country can ignore the problems of the neighbors, especially when there is talk of the indebtedness of the State. Because the sovereign debt is a debt issued or guaranteed by a sovereign State, or his name. Up to the crisis, the sovereign debt was considered the most secure, much more secure than that of enterprises. But the near-absence of legal recourse against the defaulting States, makes it important and essential the next door by the international finance of the good governance of the State concerned and its development prospects. The "punishment" in the event of a failure is an increasing difficulty for the said State to continue to borrow and the interest rates that climb.

detteThe indebtedness of the country results in an under the trusteeship of the political power by the banks. Become creditor, they are required to monitor their risk. The possibilities for reimbursement are closely related to the fiscal capacity of the country transmitters, and therefore to the economic performance and to the proper management of these countries. It is from these criteria that is being done or should be done the ratings of sovereign debt. The ratio of debt/GDP should be the main base, to the exclusion of political judgments that necessarily taint the objectivity and the serenity of the notation. The question of the management and the future of the public debt is today in the public debate. The growth outside standards, sometimes uncontrolled, often suffered, of the debt of major developed countries, from the ' 80s, lead to the question of tolerance to long-term of the sovereign debt of a country. The prospect of the persistence of high public deficits calls into question this tolerance and the will of the international financial community to continue to respond to these growing needs. We must realize that the currency which has been always urope and jangling in the trade, is no longer today. It has become a mere unit of account, totally virtual. It is no longer a question of issuing currency, but simply to hold a book of accounts, or take place liabilities and credit. The currency has become to some extent a writing game. This situation puts in the center of the debate the confidence. As long as the borrower inspires confidence, sovereign debt is not in question. Therefore that this confidence is shaken, failed States are at the mercy of the rating agencies, which by their appreciation of the risk, will make that a sovereign State is penalize in its borrowing rate and put under surveillance.

How did it come about? Up to 70 years, the States were borrowing at their central bank, in France, for example, to the Bank of France. To finance its investments, France was borrowing the sum X to the BDF which created the amount of the loan, without interest, since the BDF belongs to the State. When the reimbursement, the BDF was destroying the amount created. The January 3, 1973, under the presidency of Georges Pompidou, a law was enacted which article 23 fact prohibition to the Bank of France (BDF) to lend to the State. Decision which was taken over by most of the European States and beyond. For the sake of good management and transparency, this decision sent the organs of the State toward the banks in order to ensure their financial needs. The country Liberals as well as those neo-liberals, the countries of the OECD for example, have followed and all will work as well, placing the banking system in the center of the financing of the State. The INSEE has carried out a simulation, by calculating what would be the debt of the French State in 2006, if the old system (before 1973) was still in force. For the same borrowing and the same reimbursement, for the period 1973/2006, the debt of the State would be null, and there would be some €100 billion in crates. With the new system, the debt in 2006 was approximately 1150 billion euros, with approximately 45 billion euro of interest. France has paid approximately1200 billion of interest for the so-called period. It should be noted that this that hearken unto the debt in interest per year, is approximately equivalent to the tax on the income of all French households. In Europe, the Treaty of Maastricht confirmed this procedure by stressing the defense made to the European Central Bank to lend to the Member States. It specifically prohibits to the ECB and the central banks of the Member States to grant discovered or any other type of credit, Community institutions or bodies, to the central administrations, the local or regional authorities, other public authorities, to other public agencies or public undertakings of Member States. It prohibits the acquisition directly from them, by the ECB, or the national central banks, of the debt instruments. (Article 104 1 of the said Treaty). The Treaty of Lisbon resumed article 104, as a whole. In the United States, in 1963, President Kennedy had to project a return to the sovereign functions of the Treasury Board and the abandonment to the use of private banks. It will not have time to complete it, its assassinât having been held in the same year.

The tandem Sarkozy/Merkel has nothing planned to other as output of crisis for the Euro area. In effect, by authorizing the European Bank to intervene with the States in crisis, by creating a community fund of intervention with the ability to create the euro-bonds, they do that to come back to the old system, and restore to the political control of the sovereign debt. The establishment of these provisions, which are accompanied by a coordination of economic policies of the Member States, as well as to the information provided to Brussels of estimates, will quickly be put in place, before that the situations in Greece, Italy, Spain, Portugal and elsewhere, do not become uncontrollable. In this arm of iron between the political power and the establishment of international finance, the representatives of the citizens must resume the hand and shoulder their responsibilities, all of their responsibilities.

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November 16, 2010

Europe sick of islamophobia

Article published in Maroc Hebdo in November 2010


Has any right, and even further! Europe surfed on bad waves called: Racism and Islamophobia. The parties of the right and the far right did not hesitate to stigmatize whole sections of the population and were raking in electoral success which prejudge incorrectly of democracy, human rights and the right to difference. The extreme right in Europe is fuelled to islamophobia. After the entry of the populists in the Swedish Parliament, on 19 September last, the thrust of the extremism envelope now a broad fringe of States, the Netherlands to Hungary via Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Austria.

islamophobia-terrorismeNorway has preferred deliberately slow down its economic development for not to call in the foreign labor. The Swiss referendum on the construction of minarets seems to have released the languages. Now a new theme the federated parties of the right and the extreme right: the rejection of Islam. It is Geert Wilders, the Netherlands, who was the first to place the rejection of Islam in the center of the program of the European extreme right. Political parties have openly anti islamic programs have integrated government coalitions in several European countries and begun to implement their program.

This phenomenon, beyond the Muslim population, worried about all the minorities. Because Islamophobia is always accompanied by Racism and Xenophobia. Forced to see that this trend goes beyond the right-wing extremists. We find, under the guise of a security policy, a genuine desire to make dam" to Islam conqueror", in the traditional parties of the right. When the movements of the extreme right electorally strong were the exception in Europe, the pressures that were on the right-wing parties were powerful to impose safeguards against the racist tendencies. Powerful enough in France, in the 90s, to deter the major parties of the right to make alliance with the National Front (FN). This is no longer the case today. With the upcoming presidential election, the problem of Sarkozy will not the socialist party, but Marine Le Pen with his party: the National Front.

The Islamic extremists, who handle some Muslim communities, are, in fact, the allies objectives of the extreme right. Of provocations in provocations, they open a field of action to the Islamophobic who take advantage of the economic crisis and unemployment to mobilize a population concerned, become sensitive to the theses of the parties of the extreme right. Errors of psychological, as the blocking of the streets in the Paris region, on Friday, at the time of prayer, create incidents with the motorists and allow the National Front to announce a convoy of trucks to restore the circulation the streets "squatted ".

Even to the United Nations, there is concern about this situation. The United Nations special rapporteur on racism, Doudou Diene, recently reported an increase in Islamophobia, to operate more and more, according to him, by the parties on the right, particularly in Europe. In his report to the Human Rights Council, he said: "in the current context, islamophobia represents the most common form of religious discrimination. "In its annual report, published in the past few days, the European Monitoring Center on Racism and Xenophobia (EUMC) found a rise of aggression, discrimination in employment, education and housing to Islamophobic nature in Europe. Some 13 million Muslims live in the 25 countries of the EU (European Union), or 3.5 per cent of the population of the whole. Their disadvantaged situation, is the evidence of a rise of Islamophobia and the fears generated by the process of alienation and radicalisation have triggered an intense debate in the EU, according to Beate Winkler, Director of the EUMC, based in Vienna. In Italy, Berlusconi governs with the support of the fascist party: the Northern League. In the Netherlands, the Liberals and the Christian Democrats spend a contract of majority with Geert Wilders without generate no reaction or rejection. Germany found good, by the voice of the Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel , to remind the Christian roots of the German society. In France, the National Front feels the wind in its sails, and when Navy support of the Danish People's Party (extreme right) .The Pen said on French television: "I do not want a France Islamized", that is forty million of French who are applauding.

This situation is largely due to the enormous economic and social changes in Europe, to the continuing economic crisis, to the subsidence of the ideological certainties and the emergence, since the fall of the Berlin wall, new threats such as immigration. Of the transformation that the left has not been able to provide a convincing answer. The electoral cynicism does not explain everything. The religious communities must be open to the other, and avoid denominationalism, if we want to avoid a new form of war of religions. The progression of the extreme right-wing parties or populist is nourished by these cultural isolationism which eroded dangerously the ambition community. The growing influence, electoral and ideological, of extreme-right parties is facilitated by the blinding speed with which the European public opinion is appropriated, as in a disastrous game of dominoes, the speech stinking, as for example those designating the Roma as a dangerous population. The urgency of the situation obliges to emerge, without further delay, a European civil society anti-racist, to make live, beyond the borders, the European dream.

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March 15, 2010

The Moroccan agricultural world and the European Union

Article published in Maroc Hebdo in March 2010.


The March 7, 2010 was held in Granada (Spain) the summit between the European Union and Morocco, at the invitation of Mr. Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, President of the Spanish Government. It has been rightly regarded, by both parties, as an unprecedented event. It is, in this case, the first summit of the EU with a Mediterranean partner country, since the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon. This summit comes after the entry into force of the association agreement of March 2000, the establishment of the Plan of Action, in the framework of the European Neighborhood Policy in July 2005 and the granting of the Advanced Status to Morocco at the Association Council of October 2008. This partnership covers all areas of political, economic, social and human. It is in the right line of Morocco's strategy which has made its rapprochement with the European Union, a fundamental policy choices.

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The adoption in October 2008 the joint document for the establishment of the advanced status of Morocco in its relations with the EU, has marked the strengthening of relations Morocco-EU and has offered new opportunities for the development of bilateral relations. The ongoing negotiations, could, before the end of the year 2010, open to Morocco the door of the Free Trade Agreement of Depth (ALEA) which aims at the progressive integration of markets. This applies, among other things, the trade of agricultural products, processed agricultural and fisheries.

In the construction of the European Union, agriculture has been and still is, a fundamental element and confrontational. It has been the economic sector in which the Community integration has been the more thrust, not without pain. It represents 40% of the Union budget. The CAP (Common Agricultural Policy) has allowed us to increase very significantly the level of agricultural production in Europe, thanks to the establishment of instruments securing the income of farmers, to accompany the rural exodus and to promote the modernization of farms. The European Union is, today, a real world agricultural power, competing with the United States, in terms of export as to import, foodstuffs. This is a far cry from the initial objective of the Union: to ensure the food self-sufficiency of its members. The objectives of the Common Agricultural Policy, the CAP, they are to increase the productivity of agriculture, to ensure a fair standard of living for the agricultural population, stabilize the markets, ensuring the security of supplies and, finally, assure reasonable prices in the deliveries to consumers. Over the years, the CAP has adapted by reducing the surplus, by the introduction of quotas and the imposition of fallow, in mitigating the share of agriculture in the Community budget, giving a growing importance, to the qualitative dimension. It is must today to tailor its operation to the rules of international trade defined by the WTO (World Trade Organization).

The three principles, which underlie the CAP, are: a single agricultural market (without customs barrier), the financial solidarity and community preference (the agricultural commodities produced in Europe are privileged through various financial mechanisms.) The agricultural policy of the European Union is in constant evolution. Fifty years ago, she had especially for mission of feed Europe at the end of a decade of deprivation due to the war. Today, the massive aid to production and the purchase of surplus to ensure food security, belong largely to the past. She now has the ambition to its producers (farmers, ranchers, producers of fruits and vegetables, grape growers) to impose, without external assistance, on the European and global market. But whatever the adaptations or developments in the CAP, it always seek to ensure the food security of its members and the good management of the territories of the European Union, covered to 80% by the agriculture and forestry. 2013 Is the date of revision of the Common Agricultural Policy, and the date of implementation planned for many of the provisions of the World Trade Organization. The approach, which directs these different dynamics, is the issue of the liberalization of trade, the removal of barriers to trade and the reduction of public aid causing distortions of the market.

It is to this policy of the European Union (the CAP), that the Moroccan agricultural world has to face, through the Advanced Status of the country.Even if the Moroccan economy is relatively diversified, agriculture remains a vital sector with almost 50% of the active population and a share in the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) total variant, despite a downward trend, between 13% to 20 %, according to the agricultural campaigns. It understands that agriculture in Morocco has always been a strategic sector for the economic development of the country. But despite the support that it has enjoyed in the past, it remains a sector under-developed. Faced with a Europe structured, agricultural markets organized, facing the power of lobbies french and spanish in Brussels, the Moroccan agricultural world must evolve and quickly. The European context marked by the food security, climate change, the increase of agricultural prices, the empowerment of producers, the fight against poverty, lead the Morocco to review its agricultural strategy in a direction of upgrade, restructuring and of redefinitions of missions.

One of the main conclusions of the prospective study on agriculture to 2030, led by the High Commissioner to the Plan (HCP) is the deficit on policies, institutions and governance. If the small agricultural enterprise has become rare in the European agricultural landscape, it represents in Morocco, a large part of the active population. If the computer in these businesses animated by the CJA (Center of Young Farmers) is in common use, it is barbaric tool, still today, with the majority of our farmers. This emphasizes and illustrates the way to go in Moroccan agriculture, in order to exploit all the opportunities offered by the Advanced Status of the European Union.

The challenge for Moroccan agriculture is to protect its sensitive products, whilst at the same time fighting for the widest possible access to its products exported to Europe. But it must be noted that the policy contained, within the CAP, in Brussels, the defenders, very mobilized, of European products, such as France and Spain. The agricultural agreement, for example, which had to be ratified late 2009, will, likely that under the Hungarian presidency. It would seem that, Spain did not suffer the wrath of its groups of agricultural pressure, by allowing the ratification of the agreement under his presidency. The Belgium, she, is under pressure from the french lobbies. Only Hungary, who will be President of the EU in 2011, is the least sensitive to pressure in relation to the Moroccan folder. In the light of the new rules of the Treaty of Lisbon, which impose three years as the deadline for implementation, the agreement on the agricultural component Morocco-EU, do therefore enter into force only in 2014. These resistors are explained by the sensitive productions, in competition with those French or Spanish. The example of the tomato is edifying. In 2006, on the 72000 tons of tomatoes sold in the international market of Rungis (Paris), the import represented 45000 tonnes. In the same period, Spain, with 33% of market share, is placed in the first place, the Morocco, with 28% of market share, in the second place. France product 760000 tons of tomatoes, and is ranked fifth among the producing countries of the European Union. The application of the agreement will, presumably, the Morocco largely at the head of the countries exporting to the EU.

But it will be necessary to take into account, soon, a new disorder-feast, the Turkey, which is place, little by little, as a producer and an exporter of tomatoes not negligible. She has produced over the last five years an average of 1,565,000 tons of tomatoes, and she knocked on the door of the European Union, of which it is the third largest supplier. The tomato is the product the more consumed and marketed in the world. It is the first agricultural product consumed within the market of National Interest in Rungis. The reticence and sometimes, the unjust treatment, of lobbies european, some producers are moroccan tents to refocus their efforts toward the sub-Saharan countries or to the Mena area. It is a wrong calculation, since the Moroccan agricultural products are competitive by their proximity to the European Union. We must not forget that this represents a potential market of 300 million consumers in the high purchasing power. It is the sting, for the development, restructuring and the upgrade, which has need Moroccan agriculture.

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January 01, 2010

The movement of Tea Party: a new challenge in Washington

Article published in Maroc Hebdo, in 2010.


The rise to power of a new right-wing populist, a nebula conservative anti-establishment, gives the migraines to the Obama Administration. Spontaneous Movement of protest to the poujadistes colors, it is called Tea Party, in reference to the Boston Tea Party, or revolt of the Fried, in 1773 against the fiscal policy of the British settlers.

tea-partyThe arrival of Barak Obama to the White House had all the chances of waking up the fringe the more conservative of the country. It is in the field of the economy that the democrat has been attacked. The adoption of the recovery plan of $787 billion by the Congress in February was enough to galvanize the conservative activists against the Obama administration, which they criticize the interventionism to " smacks socialists". Met in Convention last week in Nashville, the movement has capitalized during the summer on its active opposition to the reform of the health system, for ultimately evolve into a mouthpiece for America deep exasperated by "Washington" and "its non-transparent practices ". They declare to who wants to hear: "Obama wants to change our country. We do not agree. It gives money without counting to the banks, automobile companies and individuals who can no longer pay their home, the pushing to be irresponsible. Why those who work hard should pay? "

The slogans are simple, even simplistic: "too much of Status", "too much in taxes", with the statements which seduces the America deep: "they are destroying the country " or even: "Our culture is the best ". The speech made fly from more than fifty years and represents a large fringe of the middle class. We find today, that a strong wind door for the moment the "patriots" and much more popular in public opinion that the discredited parties. We are talking about millions of people who would have joined the movement. It should be noted that it is largely thanks to the mobilization of the activists of the Tea Party that the republican Scott Brown won the seat of Senator Ted Kennedy of fire in the Massachusetts. The activists capitalize now on the elections in November to mark points still. The Republicans are rubbing their hands and help in under-hand the leaders of the movement, little seasoned to political action. In reality, their manifestations are each time prepared and orchestrated by the republican Party via the foundation "FreedomWorks" led by a former leader of the Republican majority in the House of Representatives, Dick Armey.

Financially, it is among the major companies that the activists have found support, particularly from the employers' lobby. This last has now launched a campaign calling on republicans to repeal the reform of the health. At the last meeting of the network of activists of the Tea Party in Nashville, Sarah Palin, the former candidate for the vice-presidency, american idol of the movement, has received a triumphal reception. She had delivered a speech virulent against the policy of Barak Obama. The collusion of this movement that surfed with success on the concerns and the dissatisfaction of citizens with the republican Party out in a cold sweat to the democrats to the approach of the mid-term elections. The activists of this new right protest are for most of the whites from the middle class, hooked to the constitution, as established by the "founding fathers", fierce defendants of individual freedoms. This new political entity is needed on the ground under the name: Tea Party Nation (FNT), acronym that need to be remembered in the future.

According to a survey NBC-Wall Street Journal, the movement is more popular than the republican party itself with 41% of favorable views against 35% to the democrats and 28% to Republicans. The question is whether this motley and spontaneous movement in full affirmation will be able to impose as an autonomous force between Democrats and Republicans.

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January 28, 2009

Obama, the Arab world dream!

Article published in Maroc-Hebdo .


obama-portraitThey have been more than two million Americans to have invaded the National Mall, reserved for the general public. It is on this long esplanade of three kilometers that the fans of Obama and the others followed the inauguration speech of the 44th President of the United States. Many of them have all the way across the country to live this moment in history. They are from the four corners of the United States by train, by plane, bus and sometimes to bicycle, prepared to do anything to part of the history. In front of a crowd fully acquired to the man who made the dream and hope, Barak Hussein Obama has been sworn in. It is regrettable that this crowd was not representative of the patchwork that is the American people. The whites and the hispanistes were drowned in the tide of black happy, which do not snubbed him his pleasure to be here. It is with excitement that the America was waiting for the first speech of the President Obama, and it is in a overwhelming silence of two million citizens mindful that this speaker fit upper blow the great wind of the story. His speech highlighted of course this historic moment of the arrival at the summit of the power of a black American from a kenyan Muslim father. It is he who insisted personally that when of his swearing is not hidden his middle name muslim: Hussein. He wanted thereby to indicate to the Arab world that he did not renounce its origins? We will find out very quickly.

By putting aside the lyrical flights, inevitable in such circumstances, Obama, in his speech waited by the Americans and by the world, particularly the Arab world, has unveiled its priorities and the main lines of its domestic and foreign policy. One is tempted to say: nothing new under the sun in Washington. It must really read between the lines for glimpse of what could differentiate the action abroad of the Obama administration to that of its predecessor. The defense of the interests of America is the backbone of its foreign policy, and the change of President has not changed their nature.

However, his remarks has been heavily focused on the economic crisis and the urgent need to remedy. It has no cache that is his priority between all other priorities. But he mentioned in the immediate problems "the violence in the Middle East ' . It is true that the tragedy of the Palestinian territory of Gaza arraigned and has shaken a little the agenda of the new President of the United States. The world expects much of the successor of Bush.EUROPE expects from Washington greater coordination in the action abroad and a real economic partnership. The governments of the European Union want a concerted action in the action to deal with the global economic crisis. We should remember that part of the United States, this financial disaster, and not economic savings today no country developed or not. Moscow wants a pause on the niggling issues. Iraq and Afghanistan will be the subject of a new policy after the various speeches of Obama, then President-elect. Obama has pledged to remove the major part of its troops to redeploy them in Afghanistan. The war in Afghanistan is perceived by Obama and the American public, as more legitimate. It is associated in the unconscious of Americans to the attacks of 11 September 2001, a fight against the Taliban which gave asylum to Bin Laden. CUBA will certainly see the embargo against his regime eased. Obama will have to court to end a half-century of hostilities with the Castro regime. If it is natural and predictable, the normalization of bilateral relations, desired today by most of the stakeholders, however will be a time. IRAN can surprise us with a Obama more rigid than it looks in its regard. If he is ready to break with the policy of Bush about the dialog with the Ayatollahs, it remains firmly opposed to the Iranian military atom. It requires the judgment of the enrichment of uranium, before any rapprochement with Iran. But the diplomatic freeze between the two countries which has lasted nearly thirty years will more or less quickly be broken. But, cautious, the new American President will wait for the next presidential elections in Iran, to possibly take the initiative in this matter.obama_campagne

Has he not said: "I have no interest in me to sit down with our adversaries if it is only to discuss. But as President of the United States, I will speak from a closed and diplomacy based on principles with the Iranian leader competent at the time and place of my choice, if and only if it can serve the interests of the United States '. Black Africa expects much of the person she regarded as her child. It goes in front of disillusionment predictable, because Obama does not have a magic wand to get out of their slump and their endemic political instability, most African States. It can and will help them, but they will have before any count on themselves. Certainly, the President of the United States will contain and then reduce the penetration of the China in this continent. The strategy of "the Empire of the middle" has proven pay: economic and financial action powerful, without interference in the policy, regardless of the scheme, his honesty or his morals. Will Obama by pragmatism abandon the principles if ladies of Washington.

The MOROCCO, talking of the Africa, received special attention and a estimated certain on the part of the new President. Effect of the story? The Morocco having been the first country in the world to recognize the young and new republic: the United States of America. Up at his induction this January 20, Obama has always considered that the proposal of Rabat to resolve the crisis in the Moroccan Sahara was the best: a broad autonomy for the region of Morocco. It will continue the opening with Libya and strengthen links with Egypt. Pakistan will know of turbulence in its relations with the new administration. Washington judge Islamabad too lax in its struggle with the Islamists in the tribal areas bordering Afghanistan. Obama also wants to resolve the issue of Kashmir. Apple of discord between India and Pakistan for more than sixty years, it prevents the United States says the Pakistan to focus on their western front. The ARAB WORLD dream of a Obama faithful to its roots and more listening to the Muslim countries that do the was his predecessor. The change in American foreign policy is what strongly hopes the Arab world. He sees an alternative to the aggression committed by the Republican George W. Bush. If there is to be a change, it is in the direct relations with a country like Syria. Obama will be less inclined to endorse the simplistic equation of some criminal and responsible for the outgoing administration: muslim=Islamist=terrorist. The pragmatism will prevail in its relations with the Arab world, but it is not expected that he sacrificed the axis The Caire-Riyadh on the altar of any problematic Arab unity. Obama does not want to adopt a belligerent attitude toward Syria that it must not isolate, he says. The path of dialog could be opened quickly enough. If he prefers diplomacy at the military action, Barak Obama is not ready to revolutionize the policy pursued to this day by George W. Bush, but will endeavor to round off the corners.

In his inauguration speech, he promised to engage in dialog with the Muslim world in a spirit of respect. Obama will he be able to reconcile the arab street and hence consolidate power in place of the friends of the United States? It is the painful problem of the Middle East who will be the justice of the peace. The israeli-palestinian crisis and more the crisis israel-Hamas have invited brutally to the festivities from Washington and are imposed as a priority issue on the agenda already loaded of the new President of the United States.

In view of its origins, by its past (he lived in the country's most populous Muslim world), by its cultural approach, the Arab world felt that there is the new home and that it can bring a new approach. Despite the power of the Jewish lobby in the United States (there are different lobys which are activated in Washington in a way entirely official) Obama may, if he decided impose to the Israelis and the Palestinians a new approach to make peace, and not to continue a moribund peace process. That is what he implied by his comment: enough wars! With the equipped with terrible of the Israeli army against Gaza, new reports of force have emerged. It is on the basis of these new data that President Obama should exhume the Peace from the rubble of the war. We can be pro-Israeli, and in their interest well understood explain to them that the sustainability and the security of Israel through the establishment of a Palestinian State. By putting an end to this abscess of fixing that became the israeli-palestinian conflict, it will withdraw an infection which corrupts the international relations. That is what numbers of its advisers think. Democracy, Montesquieu said, is based on virtue. Obama is going to need, because it has inherited the post the most ungrateful he could imagine. But the Americans who have tried, believe in its success. It bears the burden of the hope. Beyond the virtues and the desire, Obama will there be enough rigor and endurance to carry out all these impossible missions.


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In his speech to the Congress Barak Obama said he wanted to "enter in the era of responsibility", he recalled that the current crisis "was not an accident of history, but the result of the deep financial irresponsibility of Wall Street and the political leaders who have left behind act. "This is the approach that explains its opening to a concerted action with the Europeans in the establishment of bodies to control more effective.

In his inaugural speech, he dwelt on the economic situation in the country and the priority action that he intended to conduct. It must be said that the economic situation has deteriorated sharply since the election of Obama. It has disrupted the data of the problem that the new administration must resolve. More than a million jobs have been lost since the November 4. At the end of December, the unemployment rate finished at 7.2 %, the never seen. Real estate continues to poorly porter, the sales of cars are collapsing. Wall Street has fallen by more than 13% since the election of 4 November. Also the recovery plan is to the scale of the problem, but has black dots. It is a gamble on the public debt to exit the America of the recession that the new administration takes. The plan of $825 billion dollars is going to explode the debt to more than 8% of GDP.

The new President account on $275 billion of tax cuts to boost consumption, the hiring and investment. In addition, it proposed $550 billion of new public spending, over two years, to launch of infrastructure projects and provide relief to the American States short of resources to pay their public spending on health and compensate the unemployed. The democrats ensure that 3 to 4 million jobs will be saved or created by the recovery plan. In the plan of assistance for the banks, are included the aid to the automobile industry and the one in the distressed homes threats of seizure of their housing. If the sums involved give the reeling, it is not sure that they are at the height of the economic disaster that the United States are now.

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