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/DDecember 20:02

georgie

The state of Georgia pulls its name of king George II of England, it is the 4th state of the union and it since 1788. It was the theater of the confrontations against the Indian nation Creek and on top of by its position, it undergoes the assaults and the raids of Royal Navy on its Atlantic Coasts. The war of 1812 was rather welcomed well by Georgia which saw in this conflict the opportunity of règler the Indian problem. By stigmatizing Indians, allies of the English people she hoped to put an end to the territorial conflicts which set the colonists against the numerous tribes of the region (Cherokee, Creek).


The militia of Georgia was mobilized for helping the Mississippi to fight Indian tribes in Alabama. She was implied in the fights of Autossee on November 29th, 1813 and Calebee Creek on January 26th, 1814. During the fights for Louisianne, the city of Motive was able to matter on a contingent of Georgians to help to defend itself against the English attacks. During the campaign of New Orleans, the English fleet of admiral Cockburn seized the island of Cumberland from which the English people were able to operate some raids on the coast of Georgia. They took for objective the battery situated near Saint Peter but fell in an ambush tightened by the local militia in January, 1815. The English people pushed away the attack and occupied the city of quite close Saint Marie. During this period the local militia harassed the English troops but was not really able to oppose to them.


The militia of Georgia is organized in divisions, in brigades, in regiments and in battalions. Every county had to supply at least a company under the orders of a captain and could more supply with it a squadron of cavalry. In 1807 there were 275 companies in 26 counties. In 1812, was authorized by a "act" the deployment only of a division consisted of two brigades.

Companies of fusilliers gone up were organized to participate in the defense in the borders, these men were armed and dressed in a most ill-assorted way which is.

The uniform:


The law on the militia of 1807, replacing that of the 1792, which specified the standards for the uniform of the militia stipulated that the men must be dressed in accordance with the laws of the Congress and in agreement with the recommendations of their respective bosses of brigade. Concretely the soldiers of the infantry were dressed with a uniform close to that carried by the federal troops before 1810: blue with collar and red sleeves, lapel of red breast, color buttons copper, "round hat" with black mane. The artillerymen carried the same holding with the color buttons money and one cocked hat or a "round hat". The officers carried cocked hat and the holding of their weapon, the general officers carried the classic dark blue holding with parmenture chamois. The riders carried a cut blue holding shorter than an infantry with collar, sleeves, red lapel of breast, white buttons, black belt, blue pants with red sewing. The riders carried a kind of tarleton with red turban, white plume, rosette of black leather with eagle money.

The cavalry officers carried a red scarf over their belt and the following attributes of rank:

Lieutenant-colonel and chief warrant officer two shoulder straps money
The captains a shoulder strap money to the right and a shoulder flap money to the left
The lieutenants a shoulder strap money to the left and a red shoulder flap to the right
Trumpets a shoulder strap money to the left.
But as in the other states, the great majority of the militiamen did not carry a uniform of the whole; the jacket of also popular hunting in this region was carried under all its forms, the armament more than heterogeneous grouped muskets of any origins, rifles and rifles were lined from the last century.

Besides the militia, Georgia was able to matter on several units of volunteers as the company of artillery of Chatham, the company of heavy artillery of Savannah, the voluntary guards of Savannah, the Republican blues.... The uniforms of all these units are very badly known for the greater part.

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/DDecember 13:33

The regiments of "West Indies" or the Caribs were raised on the islands of the Caribs in 1795, the Creole black popualtions of Haiti or Santo Domingo supplied the big person of the contingent of soldiers but the slaves of western Africa were incorporated to complete rows.


The regiments of the Caribs were recruited to be commanded by officers and white non-commissioned officers. These frames were not moreover necessarily all English and included in particular Dutch people. Although the administration was afraid that the soldiers of these regiments do not rebel against the whites, it was nothing and 12 regiments, with the exception of the 8th which rebelled, behaved well.


During the war of 1812 several of these units were sent to fight the Americans, but it was not without reluctance because the English people were afraid that the Americans exploit in their profit the use of black regiments against them. They were afraid that the Americans, the slave drivers, do not denounce a use of black troops which can engender disorders in the country and would have applied towards these regiments a radical politics. Nevertheless during the campaign of New Orleans it was decided to use two regiments, 1st and 5th West India, to serve as troop of garrison during the warm season. These two units under the orders of Packenham suffered strong losses as much by the fights as by the climate. On the other hand he would cleanly have been suicidal to employ these men on the Canadian forehead, where temperature wintry would have gone on the rampage in the rows of these soldiers besides did not possess little or no effects against the cold. The 2th regiment was used he against the American coast in particular on Georgie.

From a point of view organization, regiments were aligned on the model of the British infantry and the battalions contained 10 companies each among which 2 of the sides. Every regiment contained in theory approximately 1125 men. Originally, every regiment must be accompanied with riders' squadron but this idea was quickly abandoned.
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On 12 initial regiments, in 1815 he stayed there another 8.

Opposite a soldier of the 5th West india regiment in 1813-1815, we recognize the "belgic" shako of the regulation 1812, the green half-lapels of breast and the pants-gaiter in blue serge. In the background we distinguish a soldier in linen white holding intended for the warm periods, this white holding possessed the collar and the sleeves of the color of the distinctive of the regiment. In front of the absence of warm holding, these troops knew a rate of attrition higher than a normal in temperate regions.

The uniform:
The soldiers carried a very short cut red uniform on him behind, without lace to highlight the collar, the collar was red, shoulder flaps were the ones as of the English infantry. Belts were black at the beginning then were changed for white belts in 1812/1813. Hats "round hat" was carried then the "stove loads" and finally the "belgic". On the breast, the soldiers raised half-lapels in the shape of ecus, they carried a pants of blue or grey serge. Sleeves were either rights with lace, or sharp without lace.

TPW2 - War of 1812, 5th West India Regiment, New Orleans 18

Drums carried the inverted but cut holding in the same way as that of the soldiers.

Opposite to the right a soldier of the 5th in New Orleans in 1815

The officers carried a short scarlet holding with laces, the collar was of the same color as the distinctive of the regiment, the "round hat" was carried in priori till the end. A grey pants with boots, a red scarf around the waist and a straight or curved sword for the companies of sides, completed the whole.

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/DDecember 21:41

militiartillery

The artillery of the strengths which defended Canada was essentially English, and belonged to the body of Royal Football Artillery or on foot royal artillery. But units of militia and Canadian volunteers fought in this weapon beside the English strengths.

We can quote:

* The Royal artillery of the militia resulting from Low Canada and which added up a staff of 23 men, it participated in the fight of Crysler' Farm in 1813

* The Royal body of the provincial drivers of artillery: he supplies the drivers in the various units of artillery, at the top Canada was created an identical body: driver's provincial body.

* The company of incorporated artillery

* Numerous small units of militia of artillery were added to certain regiments of the county of Upper Canada:

1st Frontenac artillery: commanded by the sign Richardsonn, this unity of the staff of a company, served to Kingston in 1812 and 1813.

1st Lincoln artillery: commanded by captain Powell was based to Strong George, then fought in the pénisule of the Niagara

2nd Lincoln Artillery: commanded by captain Kerby, the unity was based to Strong Erié, Chippawa and Queenston.

The provincial company of artillery: commanded by captain Cameron in 1813, the unity served between Burlington the Niagara and participated in the fights to Strong George, it was dissolved in 1815.

Uniforms:

Most of the time, the uniform was not available for the units women serving in the militia of artillery, but dresses looking like those carried by the English royal artillery on foot were given to some of them. The uniform was generally dark blue with or without yellow laces, surmounted by a stove load with or without plate. The wide pants or the pants-gaiters were all the possible colors: blue, olive green, grey, white, brown....

The board (stemming from a strong modification of the work of Alexis Cabaret) represents the most known units. Most of these units possessed a uniform but we ignore (as it is often the case for the units of the militia and the volunteers) with certainty their complete composition.

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/DDecember 17:56

104thfoot

Raised originally as provincial regiment or Fencibles of the New Brunswick in 1803, the 104th regiment of foot was officially added to the list of the regiments of the English land forces when it was decided to convert "New-Brunswick regiment of Fencibles" in regular regiment of line in 1810.

During the release of the war of 1812, the regiment was parked in the New Brunswick, but the recent American reinforcements which massed to Sackett' Harbor worried the governor of Canada in particular about his main base of the lake Ontario: Kingston. He asked to Sir John Sherbrook, governor of the Nova Scotia, to send 6 companies of the 104th towards Kingston, and it is true in the middle of winter. The regiment carries out a sporting achievement by leaving on February 16th, 1813 of Fredericton to arrive on April 12th in Kingston by average temperatures of 31 ° and on a distance of 1125km.

1812 104th Regiment

Opposite a representation of a bivouac of the 104th during the long walking towards Kingston, men carry their grey overcoat and one covers shako of fur, the front of which is furnished with a red frontal plate with the number of the regiment.

The regiment participated in the attack missed on Sackett' Harbor in 1813, then in the confrontations in the upper Canada at Beaver Dam and especially Lundy' Lane and the siege of fort Erié.

At the end of 1814, the regiment was in Quebec then Montreal before being finally dissolved on May 24th, 1817.

The uniform:

The distinctive color of the regiment is the buff or light yellow, the red coatees is closed by a unique row of buttons( white metal) and arranged by pairs. Laces are diposed by pairs, and ended in square. The lace is a buff line in the center and on both sides a blue line and a red line.

The regiment was dressed according to the former regulation until 1813 then during his stays in Montreal or Quebec it received the new effects; (grey trousers1813/1814), (shako "Belgic" in 1814). The officers carried silver epaulette but no lace.

TPW4 - War of 1812, 104th British Regt of Foot, L.I. Co. Ne

 this soldier of a center company  carries the last uniform of the regiment, his shako is covered with a polished protection indicating that it is about the "belgic" shako. The particular wings of the regiment is very visible and are more summary than those traditional English regiments, laces are arranged in pairs, he carries the grey wide pants with half-black and grey gaiters.

The companies of side were dressed as usual with the exception of wings devoid of woolen reinforcement as what we could find on the regiments of militia (the holding of origin were the one Fencibles she did not receive so much care in her preparation as that of a regular soldier).

During an inspection to Fredericton in 1812, the regiment did not seem to have drums but only cornets as a light regiment. He was able to get itself for it during his travel in the big cities of garrison of Low Canada. We do not know if the initial uniform was also provided with the particular wings of the 104th. 

part of uniforms sent of England for the 104th was captured by an American privateer and reused to dress the American musicians after small changes.

Other peculiarity of this regiment concerns its pioneers' section completely consisted of blacks)

cwm 4

Every battalion of the regiment contained a section of ten sappers, the specificity of the 104th foot was that these sappers were all black men.

The sappers were in charge of the work for the crossing as for the establishment of shelters for the regiment. Their tool of preference is the axe
Every company supplied a man in pioneers' section.


The 104th foot is one of symbolic regiments of the conflict due to its American origin, its famous wintry walking and its participation in the hardest fights. His flag is at present displayed to the Canadian museum of the war within the framework of the bicentenary but is normally held to the museum of the New Brunswick.

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/NNov 21:21

MONTREALMILITIA

Quite as the city of Quebec, the cities of Montreal and Three Rivers, then district of recruitment of the militia of Low Canada, also possessed a "urban" said militia. This militia was recruited during the beginning of the conflict and continued until the disappearance of the risks of an American invasion at the beginning of 1815.

Quite as the militia of Quebec the militia of Montreal benefited from the advantage to being able to get itself more easily weapons and equipments. Nevertheless, the difficulties which the Canadian militia knew to dress his members were also present and all the men of the militia were not able to obtain a uniform worthy of the name. Confined in a role of city garrison, her did not know particular action of fight because the American strengths were never able to threaten closely as by far the walls of these cities.

The urban militia of Montreal added up 3 battalions among which two were French-speaking and an English speaker. These battalions were recruited well besides the militia of elite which added up until 6 battalions and among which the one at least resulted from Montreal (the 5th).

The first English-speaking battalion carried a dark blue holding with collar and sleeves of white color, in 1813 it received a red uniform with yellow distinctive color. The men had to carry the shako stove pipe; we ignore the color of pants: white; blue or other grey?

Two other French-speaking battalions carried a blue dark holding with collar and red sleeves what made them look like strongly the uniforms of the American troops. Thus they exchanged their dresses for a red uniform with blue distinctive color sky then green in 1813. They carried shakoes "stove pipe" (with or without plate?) and pants or surculottes (whites, blue - grey or grey?)

The companies of side of these battalions were gathered to train a temporary battalion but the men carried the uniform of their body of origin.

The urban militia of Three rivers restricted itself to a battalion in the red holding and in distinctive blue, we do not know which was the hairstyle of the men nor the color of the pants, the example shown on the board is partially hypothetical.

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