For a more detailed study of the militia of Upper Canada postpone you in the article here:La "provincial" militia of high Canada in 1812
Upper Canada was head teacher theatre of military operations of the war of 1812, the majority of the battles took place there and most of the American attempts of invasion aimed at this part of the British colony.
For several reasons, the first one was geographical, Upper Canada shared the longest common border with the United States, the second and the most important were that Upper Canada was more weakly protected than Low Canada, forts and garrisons were lower than it we could find in Montreal or in Quebec. Finally the population was partially established of former inhabitants of the United States who had left for political reasons or economic but who could turn out of invaluable allies in case of invasion. The American top management expected of course a reversal of these population new in their favor, on this point as on the French-speaking populations of Low Canada, they made a mistake heavily.
The militia of Low Canada was divided into counties which took care of the recruitment of the men from 16 to 60 years old to set up regiments. The act of 1808 spécifiat that every militiaman had to bring 6 cartridges, his musket, some powder and balls and that he owed 4 days of annual training. General Brock established the training of the companies of side (two by regiment of militia) and what only the men from 18 to 40 years old could join these companies of elite. The training and the uniform of these men étaitent besides better than those of the normal militia, the companies of side mobilized 1800 men in all during the war, of which 900 only for the peninsula dui The Niagara.
The militia mobilized at the beginning of the conflict 2000 men on 11600 available, mainly western districts. They participated in the campaign of Detroit successfully. But cases of sympathy to see even of West during the invasion of general Hull supports express of a minority of the populations living in the part is to be indicated. The uniform of these militiamen is most of the time the civil holding which they brought with them during the integration of the regiments of militia. The musket and the équippements were supplied by the crown, especially as the fall of Detroit allowed to supply a large number of captured American muskets. A white scarf knotted on the arm held place of emblem, more to avoid any error on behalf of the Indian allies that other thing. A part of these militiamen was nevertheless dressed with the surpluses of uniforms of the 41st regiment of football to give the illusion of soldier's largest number of line to the eyes of the Americans.
The officers of the militia of Upper Canada had to carry the holding in scarlet sheet, with lace yet, collar and sleeves blues, pants or panties with boots or shoes, red scarf around the waist and mostly a "round hat". Very rare the available uniforms were it essentially for the officers and sometimes the non-commissioned officers, for the rest of the men he had to need to content itself with what there was.
A part of the available uniforms was assigned to the battalion of incorporated militia which amounted:L'incorporated incorporated militia battalion from Upper Canada in the war of 1812
They were made most of the time cloth green with collars and red sleeves. The shako when it had did not have a plate there and raised a hunting horn in the place, the plume when there was one was mostly the one companies of the white and red center. Pants were mostly "grey blue" "blue gunmouth" but also other tints. In the units équippées of uniform in 1812 have can quote the companies of side of the militia of York, certain militiamen of the 1st and 4th Lincoln.
Altogether well not much unity during the war was effectively dressed in "red" but nevertheless the uniform reglementaire in the militia of high Canada evolved during the conflict and for the privileged persons which were able to carry him, he had to present the following aspect:
Certain counties had big grey condoms by way of uniform, with or without shako (as the 3rd York).
The most easterly counties: Dundas, Stormont and Glengarry, with strong majority Scotswomen, possèdaient regiments or the uniform reflected the membership in the Scottish communeauté. At the end of the American war for independence, the 84th football "Royal Highland Emigrants" Scottish regiment left a big part of its memebres in Canada. This Scot organized the first militias at the instigation of John Mac Donnell in Scottish 1787, the influence of their origin owed strongly transparaitre in their holding. During the war of 1812, American observations specified that regiments of Highlander were present in the zone, what of course was false because no regiment of Highlander was in Canada in the time (with the exception of the second battalion of the 93rd Highlander parked in The new Scotland). Thus the holding of the Scottish militiamen could be a civil holding with Kilt, checkered blue hat, pants in tartan but if red uniforms (or green) were able to be supplies has these counties he is on that the Scottish militiamen added their personal touch (kilt or blue hat). Glengarry light, native of this region, had green uniforms, it is likely that uniforms of this type were able to be supplied to the militiamen of these counties but we ignore in which proportion. The board representing the militias of these counties is thus hypothetical and shows what could look like the Scottish militiamen of this part of Upper Canada. Still he is more than likely that most of them fought in civilian clothes.
The Scottish units of high Canada in the war of 1812
Certain soldiers were dressed with a uniform green as that of the rifles (1st and 2nd Glengarry, 2nd leeds). The company of rifle of Leeds carried apparement a holding close to that of the American rifles, (green in parmenture black with yellow laces).
In December, 1812, general Prevost made a demand of 4000 red dresses for London. They not commençèrent that has to arrive at the beginning of 1813 and still they were used first and foremost for the battalion of incorporated militia. In May, 1814 1000 of this holding arrived with collars and green or yellow handles. Shakoes were rather rare and of the type "stove pipe" instead the "round hat" was carried as well by the soldiers as by the officers. At the end of 1814 it is possible that several units commençèrent to receive the holding 1812 of the British infantry, the collar and the sleeves were blue, with "belgic" shako and grey pants.
These difficulties of clothing do not generate the militiamen of Upper Canada who knew how to show itself most of the time as high as their task and fought honorably during all the conflict.