Monthly Archive for July 2012.
Cynthia and Melissa Arra
The Order of the words
(75 Minutes, french version)
ESPINEIRA Karine for the subject in the city.
A black screen. A voice. The expression "whore of trans !" to conclude these few seconds of total absence of images. Seconds that seem so long, if short. First, let's look at the words of the trans' before we look at their image. The will is displayed, claimed. We will listen before watching.
The Order of words[ 1] of Cynthia Arra and Melissa Arra is a reproduction of 75 minutes, and date of 2007. The film gives voice to six persons trans' [ 2] and intersexe which are expressed not only on their suffering but before any on their positioning in relation to the normation[ 3]. Sometimes in agreement, sometimes in disagreement, because such is the condition of the trans', not to say the human condition simply face to the arbitrary of the symbolic, of our societies binaries, bipolar, making the difference an inequality.
It is form a story combining the known stories trans' such as popularized by forty years of media coverage, and the unknown of their thoughts, those that we do not hear, including the public knows so little, if anything. A floor that is requested, without making a irony free, if it is to express themselves in the followed by therapeutic, because it is surprising that it has taken so long to reach us, whereas the trans' have refined their words and their thoughts of dramatically over the past fifteen years.
From Maud Thomas to Vincent He-Say , there is a generation according to the tic-tac of the biological clock, and a few years of militances, theorizing, of thoughts condensed, worked, appropriate, rendered, developed and translated. A theorising which are not excluded from the other players. Tom Reucher or Carine Beef mix just as subtly personal anecdotes and critical eyes on a situation of exception permitting the exercise of the singularity to the trans'. With Vincent Avrons and Vincent Guillot, a cry quiet, almost calm, on the difficulty and the happiness to be itself in the feeling of love, in the intimate relationship to the body pleasure, to the emotional body, the body pain, that are also the body and the soul intersexe to regard one of them.
The Order of words is made of rare stories, a valuable floor trying to help fill the empty and too-full of words for the A(e)s and other. His party took aesthetics is an opportunity for the words in relation to these images shaping our interpretations, sometimes misused, because sometimes we forget to hear to default to listen to. We have had to wait until two decades for the documentary to make a place to this floor, an objective that the television has not yet been able to achieve.
On the site the subject in the Quote:http://www.lesujetdanslacite.com/ordredesmotschronique.pdf
1 Bindings words in its English version. The documentary, which is an international career. Movie Blog: http://lordredesmots-le-film.blogspot.com/
2 Trans' to say transidentitaire ; transidentitaire for say transsexe, transgender, or still intergenre agenre.
3 In reference to Michel Foucault, the standard prescribes the difference, and therefore the normal and the abnormal.
This article had been attached to the Press release(3 March 2006) of the Existrans coordination at the time, of which Act Up Paris, To protest against the discrimination of which the trans' are the object to the television.Andrea Colliaux and Caphi have subsequently relayed the document on their respective blog.
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In 2004 and 2005, different groups of people transgender and transexual who are incorporated or in association with the collective will to impose itself in the public space, to be visible and intelligible, to cause the debate outside the offices of psychiatry. The transsexual is contrary has given rise to television programs throughout the past 20 years, on of written studies that allow scholars to the rationalists to proclaim their experts in this field and to share with us their crisis of certainties. Note that in the absence of social recognition, of the existence of a group Trans', the transphobie does not exist, seems you say. It could not therefore discriminate this(ux) which will(in)t not substance!
Emissions of debate, documentaries or films show the transidentite with more or less of clarity, of pedagogical concern or human; the theme is spectacular in its very nature: a man who became woman or the reverse! This is not trivial as the subject of questioning moral or philosophical, social or religious, psychological or psychiatric to believe the interest of Colette Chiland, Patricia Mercader or Pierre-Henri Castel to cite only them. The transidentite must-it to show up, to explain and legitimize on trays of television or should it be ridiculed on the altar of entertainment?
Transphonies and Transphobie, Mission impossible
We have collected hundreds of prints, of points of view, opinions that make us think that explain the transidentite to the general public in the state of the debate is more or less a mission impossible. Faced with this difficulty, we have observed a militancy of the without-voice, in the first generation (years 80-90) with a few exceptions, which fought against the wall of a policy of the identity the returning always to a "trans-sexualisme". a little as if it was not even necessary to compel a person to put a yellow star, or a pink triangle; it is the victim who is designated, the prisoner who is locked up, the discriminated against which excludes. Has this little game, it is the torturer who won to all shots. The new generation asked: trans' and proud of it and breaks with the gear of the victimization.
The trans' are monsters for some, crazy for other, between these two visions we find all sorts of qualifiers collected on years of "micro sidewalks" on the scene of the real into the emissions of television: the vicious, faggots, the sickies, gay turned back, of encules, of marginal to the marginals themselves, people who suffer from, the excluded, weird people, widgets, of castres, travelos, things, of the contraptions, the phenomena of fair, of human beings in distress, the errors of the nature, of fascinating beings, women ambiguous…
For what should be done to them, a few examples: The awesomeness, the kill, exterminate them, help them, accept them, understand them, integrate them…
These remarks are in no way the fruit of our imaginary but well of a collection of long-term carried out on the yards, the course of school, the academic benchmarks, the administrations, and from a plumber as an engineer, a mistress of maternal as a secretary of the social security, of the father of a family as a single, a lesbian as a heterosexual woman notorious, in the aftermath of a broadcast, to a movie, a documentary. All ages, all socio-professional categories, all sexes and tastes possible emotional for so little words, if suggestive.
But fortunately it must be noted that where some have said "faggots" or "encules", others have spoken" of homosexuals discharged", that where exclaimed 'the accept ", others have noted that "the mainstream." However, it does not prevent someone to believe that the conditions of life have improved for these people, even if the shadow of prostitution or of the aggression still hangs over them. In summary: if one sees the emissions on the transsexual, this can only improve their fate for the few, it is dangerous and ca can create of vocations for the other; a choice, an incredible courage, expressions which mingle with abominations, horror or even full slaughter. But how can we explain the silence, the mutism until without substance?
The transsexual is contrary television: the invention of a transidentite?
From the sample (as specified in Sources), we have identified a number of steps relating to the treatment of the subject said transsexual on the plates of television, of the transidentite in documentaries. How to present and demonstrate a person so-called trans', how to describe and narrate a status of transidentite? What do they say (the persons concerned, friends and families), what do they say (journalists, animators, lawyers, doctors, the man on the street)? The updates in scene do they have the keys of the denotations and connotations that make up the party taken of the understanding and the discharges, of emotional judgment and/or conscience reflexive? How to concludes such an approach known as informative and non-emotional iconographic to raptus? Or is the floor in the image? Sacrilege or voyeurism,violence of images or to the floor? What remains of this narration of the impossible? The silence of the image for the light of the voice, the reflection against the emotion, but is this really what you want? Argue some of these people that we know not where put, no one knows what to do and what to say to them.
Myriam and the boys or how to lay down the trans to the public opprobrium. Any narrative has a scenario, a frame, a wire, a history written in advance in sum. That of this emission resumed the idea of deceit and falsehood. "There's something about Miriam" (2004) of the Sky One string which does not forget is a reality show; a game to the Crying Game will resume the british tabloids.
To clarify, let us imagine a game like Marjolene, a bachelorette tv programs; dredged by six young people, which might prove to be at the end of the game, a man. Because the sparkling Miriam is a young Mexican transsexual pre-op (before operation). The candidates have assigned with success the chain in justice, wanting to prohibit the broadcast of a program the having humiliated according to their lawyers, some will argue even have suffered a serious trauma; in fact they were kissed Miriam.
The synopsis transmit by TF6 is the following: "With Myriam and the boys, TF6 proposed to discover a Bachelorette TV programs; of a new kind. All the ingredients of this program of reality-tv are met: a beautiful home, a beautiful daughter, Myriam, and 6 boys willing to do everything to seduce her. But Myriam has a huge secret that only her suitors unaware: Myriam is a different girl of the other. Myriam is in fact… a man ! ".
The Internet sites resume information as well:
"Myriam and boys" arrived on TF6 with Vincent McDoom ; TF6 launched a program Real Tv which has already been talk of him "Myriam and the boys". a sort of "bachelor transgendered" presented by Vincent Mcdoom from Wednesday, March 8 to 22h20 ; Myriam cache a "detail" ; the emission of reality TV sulfurous Myriam and the boys arrived on TF6 ; this is the Wednesday, March 8 to 22h20 that begins the dissemination of the concept (the original version and not a declination french) this, during six week. This is Vincent Mc Doom who will present each week at the beginning of the program which expects the viewers of TF6 ; released in 2004 on Sky One, in Great Britain, the emission has Breeds not poorly of reactions… all ingredients of Bachelorette TV programs; are there: 6 beautiful boys ready to everything to seduce a pretty girl in a ideal framework ( luxury villa, pool…) during two weeks… The hic: the boys are unaware that Myriam has a detail that usually do not have the demoiselles… ignore all the suitors that Myriam is a man…
A simple search Google© gives an idea of what has already been said on the forums and the jokes that are not mischievous, said it was generally with condescension, are beginning to express themselves. We must not underestimate these nice "jokes" not more than those on the aliens or the women when the border with xenophobia and sexism are so thin… The cinema was the teeth on homosexuals in the fifties, represented in general as psychopaths spineless and murderers. The transidentite knows the same phenomenon despite some films "friendly "…
We know that the verbal and physical violence often find their origin in the representation stigmatizing which inferiorize the other through physical characteristics and moral negative. History is a story full of the Crees and fury to resume Shakespeare, but also full of mistakes. Including the one to accept that a part of the population can discriminate a part of its members for ethnic issues, sexual or expressions of gender identity… The good reasons have never failed, the atrocities inherent non-more…
"Imagine a beautiful Villa and anti-semitic six boys and a girl who has a secret… she is Jewish! Imagine a beautiful Villa and six boys very slightly xenophobic and a beautiful young woman and it is found that his father is black! ": These examples are unpleasant to write. The perspective that such a scenario is possible shiver of disgust and horror at a time. For the people trans', that is the challenge. Be a new time scoffed at and thrown to the public opprobrium.
A fact which has just happened in Portugal:
One case which received media attention was, Brazilian immigrant, a transsexual woman, HIV-positive, toxico-dependent, prostitute and homeless, was found dead on February 22, 2006 at the bottom of a sink full of water, deep of ten meters, in an unfinished building in Porto Portugal's second city. The crime has been admitted by a group of 14 boys minors from 10 to 16 years, most of them part of a host institution for minors, funded by the public system of social protection, but under the responsibility of the Catholic church. As a result of this admission, the details of this terrible act have been discovered. The victim was in a very bad state of health, and was frequently persecuted by the boys, victim of insults and attacks. On 19 February, a group of these boys is between in the unfinished building and abandoned or One case which received media attention was spent the nights, tied him up, was gagged, and has assaulted with an extreme violence to coup of feet, with sticks and stones. The group has also confessed to having introduced the sticks in the anus of one case which received media attention was, which the body showed signs of significant injuries in this part, and the having abandonee in this room. The body also presented to cigarette burns. The 20 and 21 February, they are income to the local and have to practice again the aggression. On the morning of 21 to 22 February, he finally threw the body of one case which received media attention was in the wells in order to try to hide their crimes. The autopsy will determine if at that time the victim was still alive or not. The fact that the body not floating, but was lying at the bottom of the water from the wells seems to indicate that it would be dead by drowning.
In March 2005, this is Nancy, a transsexual woman of 38 years who was found dead was decapitated in Marseille, emasculated and riddled with shots of stabbed with knives. The details of these crimes are so strong that it is difficult to give all the details and the prospect of suffering endured by these people given the nausea
The oppression that the individuals living trans' is the order of the day in a society where exist only two sexes social. The insult is commonplace, yet the gender discrimination has been rejected by the HALD on the pretext that we were men or women to the arrival. But what happens to the people whose physical prohibited the anonymity, of people who cannot and/or do not want the operation, people who cannot change their state-civil?
The discrimination in said long on these states in fact in a society which is said in progress and which a few thinkers do not hesitate however not to speak of heresy as regards the transidentites. These "heads" do weigh-it not the weight of their words? We know someone among us, in France, which spoke of inferior races, and others to feel then allowed to discard a Maghreb in the Seine. Note and comparison exaggerated? Surely not, for he who went to meet the people say trans' in their daily life, in the reality that is imposed on them and that the psychiatrist did not manage ever since his cabinet comfortable and well heated.
Nothing will never justify a life sacrificed on the altar of entertainment and as an academic in information science and communication and women trans' i wonder: accept! And in the name of what?
Among other sources:
And he wanted be a woman, by Michel Ricaud .
The choice, of Anthony Page . The records of the screen: from one sex to the other: her or him?, Antenna 2. Stories: from one sex to the other, TF1 . In Search of Truth, TF1 .
Prostitute(e)s, Mireille Dumas .
Special Envoy: The femminielli, France 2 .
Down the masks, France 2 .
Everything is possible, TF1 .
Thema, ARTE: Train Station to transsexuals (Transsexual Threat), of Rosa Von Praunheim ; I don't wanna be a boy, of Alec Behrens and Marijn de Muyser .
THE RIGHT TO KNOW: various facts, "Camille and Monica, the marriage prohibited to a torque transsexual, TF1, Wednesday, June 15, 2005.
IT IS NOT pleasing TO EVERYONE, presence of Camille and Monica, program hosted by Marc-Olivier Fogiel and Guy Carlier, France 3, Sunday, 1 May 2005.
THE JOURNAL OF THE HEALTH, transsexuality, emission presented by Michel Cymes and Marina Carreres d'Encausse, France 5, Thursday, April 14, 2005.
I AM GOING THERE, I GO THERE NOT ?, about how to fulfill my sexual identity ?, emission presented by Valerie Benaim, France 3, November 2004.
IT IS DISCUSSED, Sexuality: how does it assumed its ambiguity ?, emission of Jean-Luc Delarue, France 2, October 2004.
LOLA-WOMEN'S MAGAZINE, the desire to be women, presented by Lio, Arte, August 2004.
WHAT IS THE LOVE, man, woman! Can it be both at the same time?, program hosted by Carole Rousseau, TF1, April 2004.
PRIVATE LIFE, public life, couples not as the other, invited Andrea Colliaux, France 3, 2003.
THEMA ARTE, XXY Investigation on the third gender: The hermaphroditic, unequivocal, unambiguous, documentary of Ilka Franzmann, Germany, 2002 ; the myth of the hermaphrodite, documentary of Thomas Schmitt, Germany, 2002; Southern Comfort, documentary of Kate Jones-Davis , United States , 2000 ; Arte, 2002.
WHAT IS THE LOVE ?, disorders of the sexual identity, program hosted by Carole Rousseau, TF1, December 2001.
WHAT MAKES DEBATE, emission of live debate presented and moderated by Michel Field, France 3, 2001.
THE RIGHT TO KNOW, Planet Transsexual, Investigation on the 3e sex, TF1, 2001. IT IS DISCUSSED, transsexuals, transvestite, hermaphroditic, androgynous: how is the border ?, Emission of Jean-Luc Delarue, France 2, 2000.
THEMA ARTE, i is a(e) other: Transsexual threat, of Rosa Von Praunheim, 1996; I don't wanna be a boy, of Alec Behrens and Marijn de Muyser, 1995; Finishing School, Kate Jones-Davies , 1995 ; Arte, 1998.
SPECIAL ENVOY, The femminielli, magazine of Paul Nahon and Bernard Benyamin, France 2, 1996.
DOWN THE MASKS, I am not(e) in the skin of another, emission of Mireille Dumas, France 2, 1996.
EVERYTHING IS POSSIBLE, presented by Jean-Marc Morandini, invited Christelle J. , 1996.
EVERYTHING IS POSSIBLE, I changed my body, invited: Gina Christmas, presented by Jean-Marc Morandini, 1994.
DOWN THE MASKS, I am not the one you believe, emission presented by Mireille Dumas, 1993.
FRENCH IF YOU WERE TALKING ABOUT, i transvestite, and then ?, program hosted Andre Bercoff, 1993.
News stories, from one sex to the other, Magazine of Michelle Cotta and Henri Chambon, TF1, 1992.
LOOKING FOR TRUTH, Emission presented by Jean-Pierre Foucault, TF1, 1992. THE RECORDS OF THE SCREEN: from one sex to the other: her or him?, of Armand Jammot, Antenna 2, 1987.
SPECIAL sleepers, the body of my identity, documentary of Comte Martin, FR3, 1983.
Observatory of Transidentites:http://observatoire-des-transidentites.over-blog.com
The Transidentite, of the media space to the public space
Author(s) : K. Espineira
It is from the operation of Christine Jorgensen in 1952 in Denmark, that the fact that a man can become a woman, after surgery, between in the spirit of the great public due to its very strong media interest. The analysis of the treatment of the televisual transidentite, regarded as the most singular expression of the identity, is it likely to provide the tools of readings on the construction of standards of kind beyond the transidentite?
Transidentites: subtract the differences in the diagnostic
The documentary "Diagnosing difference", based on an analysis of the issue of diversity that covers the transidentites, of the problem of diagnosis, and of the societal and individual realities resulting.
Saturday, February 11 was broadcast for the first time in France the feature "diagnosing difference" [ 1]. On one hour of testimony, thirteen successive: Susan Stryker, Adela Vazquez… they come back, all in their own way, on the iatrogenic effects of psychiatric categories, on their direct effects on the story tellingdes transidentites and on the modes of recognition they impose. "It does bring me nothing this label" said one of the interviewed; "I cannot call my boss the morning to tell him: "forgiveness boss, I simply will not work today, I have a disorder of the identity of kind… ". Like the story of Valerie Mitteaux ( "my gender is not my type" [ 2] ), the profiles and stories trans' of "diagnosing difference" we seem to both respond to a promise of inclusion around the use of the term 'transidentite" ( "transsexual, trangenre, genderqueer: there is as much of designations that you want to ") and to an upgrade to poorly of the diagnosis "transsexual" as a central element and necessary to subjectivations trans' " Is it that there is a need to improve the diagnosis? The question is: Is that what we need a diagnosis?"; "I will say that I have a identification of kind less frequent, it won't make a me a pathology." As element of classification and recognition, the appellation "transsexual" is then denounced as a taxation maltraitante [ 3] and desubjectivante: "It is too violent for wanting to make people fit into categories pathologisantes"; "I have never had the impression of having a problem. That the company does not have a place for me, that is the source of the problem. "; "The categories of sex and gender are not flexible enough to contain that i am"; "The diagnosis i was stolen my identity".
In a sense Delphyiste we could say that "tell the difference" means to "tell the hierarchy" [ 4]. Thus, by creating a framework out "transsexual", it is established primarily a prioritization between the "trans" and the "cis" [ 5], the non-trans, so that the diagnosis, that is to say, the a posteriori validation of the difference, is carried out to the detriment of the identities of minority genres, immediately flipped on the side of the deviance. The diagnosis requires then "assassins of normality", a procedure of cisexualisation identities of America's "transgender". However, the experiences of genres experienced spill out of the genres assigned and reassigned gender [ 6]. They say today the plurality without promising a standardization. ( …)
The suite onGanymede
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[ 1] I borrowed the formulation of the "diagnosis of the difference" in the story "diagnosing difference" of Annalise Ophelian (2009) of which the sub-title is: "the nature loves diversity, this are the humans who have a problem with ca"
[ 2] Read for example: "My gender is not my kind", Observatory of Transidentites, November 2011, available on:http://observatoire-des-transidentites.over-blog.com
[ 3] SIRONI F. , Psychology(s) of the transgender Summer of transsexuals, Odile Jacob, 2011.
[ 4] DELPHY C. , Classify, dominate, which are the "other" ?, the manufactured, 2008
[ 5] "Cis" means "the same side of ". The "Cisidentite" thus refers to the congruence between the experiences of kind experienced and the assignment of type made at birth. Read to this proposal: Rosso Serano J. ,Whipping girl, a transsexual woman on sexism doesn't and the scapegoating of feminity, Seal edition, 2007
[ 6] Alessandrino A. , Law, psychiatry and body Trans: the triple overflow, in the borders of the kind (eds. ), THE Harmattan, 2012.