Category Archive for 'Articles "in line" '.
It is common to hear about the associations that have shaped the "cradle parisien", in terms of sometimes little praise. Rightly or wrongly, the ASB as the Caritig are views as hegemonic structures who wanted to get the hand on everything. I have known these associations shortly after their foundation and in varying degrees. I was involved at the ASB of the time of Tom Reucher and i hung around with the Caritig on rare occasion of meetings with Armand Hotimsky. My militancy as my entry into the field of research have led me to the observation of deficits on the terrain transidentitaire: history and memory. We find ourselves part of the legacy of the transgender cabaret culture with Bambi and Marie France, as with the needed rehabilitation of Ladybug whose role in the building of networks of between-aid has not been the least. For the history, everyone sees the start still with its own action forgetful sometimes of inheritance or the simple recognition of a aid, with an information or an accompaniment that will have been valuable to a person but as it deems not later than may be in the obsolescence of oblivion. Here is in the form of testimony, a way as another to contribute to mark my gratitude to those who preceded me and who have sent me their knowledge and their energies.
Martian Chronicles: the Association of the syndrome of Benjamin from day to day
That was the activity with the ASB from 1996 to 1999, to take the one that I have known? We will recount in the form of a modest chronic which will demonstrate that we are far from a model associative hegemonic.
Thursday: telephone support to the Gay and Lesbian Community Center of Paris for 14 hours to 18 hours. Note that the gays and lesbians were not always what were the trans, a little as to the Bi elsewhere. We should get a lot of people in questioning, sometimes in a grand idleness hardware and psychological. These people that certain-e-s trans would like to see psychiatriser because they would hurt the other trans integrated and would be "when even well ramshackle". It is to forget that we have received some of them in the same state! But accomplished since, they have forgotten… These "deglinguees" were of people cut off from their families and attached, without jobs and without immediate prospects. We receive also the girlfriends prostitutes, but it was more rare. The ASB had not the reputation of being welcoming to the transgender and prostitutes. Here the tree cover well the forest. A few opinion stigmatizing are managed to hide the friendships that were forged in the respect of the a-e-s and of the other. As thou was beautiful and benevolent Elsa. We cannot forget thee.
Not talking about the theoretical debate that was committed in a total silence to defeat the transsexual is contrary as medical concept. We are condemning already the pyramidal hierarchy between trans. Come-e-s of all horizons, or caller at the other end of the France of girlfriends and friends worried and sometimes frightened of what was happening to them, others are living with HIV, others are considering prostitution to pay for the care and operations. Sometimes landed students or apprentices filmmakers in poorly of topics. Without counting the journalists and the "men" of television. A few trans lover in hunting or on the loose did brief passages. In the bar of the CLG, a girlfriend was sometimes of its own, berating us gays and lesbians in their own premises… It has been catching up to the coup and force they ended up not to be offended.
Saturday: Day pasting stamps with Tom Reucher. We spent the afternoon to open the mail pieces, we distribute the mails and try to respond to the best with what we had as knowledge. I just started my trip, and found myself in comfort and consider the answers to someone like me, like all of us in this room. Heavy and Light Moods succession over the presentations of the projects, of the associative agenda. I remember very well from your faces Thibault, Vincent, Maud, Christelle, Tom and the other which I have sometimes forgotten the name. Forgive me.
Sunday: monthly meeting avenue Daumesnil. Thematic meetings sometimes as the day of the parents, or the annual grand meal. I was amazed to see that the people were crossing the whole of France just to meet other people like them, other trans in sum. Emerging Internet was not yet the multimedia tools and far was the web 2.0 which would forget that it would require a lot of elbow grease and a willingness to organize, to see, meet the space of only a few hours. They landed in Paris to live with other the time of a few hours.
The first was on the ends of twines and more than one would be surprised at the ridiculous budgets with which the machine was running.
Martian Chronicles: out of breath
Meetings and lobbying: in search of alliances. In the first place, in the center gay and lesbian community itself, of which the president of the time Alexis Meunier was a rare benevolence. The training center volunteers already included the trans. Sometimes we were involved in the editorial office at 3Keller, the magazine of the LMA. Interviews with the socialist Member Patrick Bloch, appointments to the union of the judiciary, travel abroad to meet with the Belgian surgeons, understand their techniques and assess the funding. Other meetings in the hexagon with doctors to train this database that Tom Reucher do garda never for him and many of whose trans have benefited. Appointments with the lawyers and the building of the first channels to bypass the courts and adverse referrals on favorable courts such as that of Chartres at the time or i was the fourth to get his change of civil status without expertise and in less than four months. Yes we intend, as it was rare and difficult. A or A for more than years past was a great victory. No record, no bragging, just the whisper of the relief.
Information and communications: of the identity to the Existrans. Create more than a associative bulletin that was the objective of the identity which I do not know yet how the name came to me. Perhaps the attendance of Maud-Yeuse which theorising from morning to evening, will you know… multiple meetings among Maud with Tom, Vincent, Thibault, Ionna, Myriam, Ripley, and the other. Mac Plus or SE30, on Xpress or Pagemaker, illustrations or full editorial? The identity is not to create a tool of communication and expression, approaching culture from different angles which would include our own visions of the world which ultimately was already "trans".
Participating in the meetings of the organization of the Gay Pride of 1998 on the theme of citizenship (already) we had been to the angels with the project on the little train for the children of lesbian and gay parents, but by the polemic depitees: "a mad "at the head of procession will it harm the words of order? We said that each group had its transvestite, its scapegoats. This we had all the more also been alleged that individuals detained that we are already working with the Zoo of Marie-hélène Bourcier. On its side the finding of our difficulties to exist within the gay and lesbian organizations at the time was driving Tom to the idea of a market that would be our. I worked on the communication aspect of this first Existrans, without participate for health reasons. But I was skeptical and I am not able to follow Tom later, the next too optimistic and not enough strategist. For my part, I was in the context of strengthening our alliances before considering this new form of visibility for the trans. On this point, I was wrong and Tom has done well to persevere and alea jacta is.
My memories are not so romantic. I must disabuse you. There are a lot of darkness in these images, the creepy sometimes, crises of tears and tired to consecutive meetings almost every night of the week. Explain again without ceased our condition, duty also fight on the inside against our own demons. These chronicles are the memories of a difficult work that is lacking in the memory trans which has still not of common history. Each group seems to have any invented as each trans replayed the gender change as a first and only time. The ASB, the Caritig and the PASTT have been animated by the pioneers who themselves have inherited has various degrees of the sociality outcome of the transgender cabaret (here it owes much to Ladybug), of the between-aid of prostitutes, acquired the previous associations of Marie Andre to Ladybug in passing by Marie-Ange attic. The trans no longer come alone in the world for a long time. They do not therefore arise in the artichokes in the arid highlands or frozen. The recognition of these achievements participated in me build as trans well before other trans and well after a lot of other. One last thought for the girls of the ABC, movement transvesti then transgender person regardless. They do not declare themselves association as "transgender", they told me yet accepted and collected for the time and say that I am strong enough to go to these associations emerging, down there in Paris. Thank You Gaby, Chantal and all other for giving me protected.
I say that someone in this world has the same for its action in Caritig and I share his joy as its nostalgia. It was not known in our well childish crêpages of updo to what point it was already important simply to exist and to put a not in front of the other.
Is there a culture or cultures Trans trans? It is suspected as many answers in one direction than the other. Even the concept of "culture" of the groups transidentitaires deserves to be asked. Bypassing what might resemble a pitfall and opt for the concept of subculture[ 1] trans.
Such a journey to the infinitely small, imagine a crossing of the majority culture - or hegemonic within the meaning of Gramsci[ 2] - in a given society, and dives toward the minority cultures themselves crossed, and composed of cultural movements is establishing sometimes as challenge to the hegemonic model. Talk about multiculturalism would be more appropriate? "Disorder in the culture of "writing Stuart Hall which is considering the effects of the multicultural issue as an electroshock ( "disruptive drive," he said) on our understanding of the culture: "The opposition binary outcome of "enlightenment" - the particularism against universalism, the tradition against modernity - produces a certain way of understanding the culture. There is on one side, the distinct cultures, homogeneous, and self-reliant, strongly welded of traditional companies say "[ 3]. He said: "In this anthropological definition, the cultural tradition saturated all communities, subordinating the individuals to a form of life punished collectively. It is opposed, on the other side, to the "culture of modernity", open, rational, universalist, and individualistic. In the latter, the specific cultural ties should be put aside in public life - guaranteed by the neutrality of the State - so that the individual is free to write his own scenario "[ 4]. We can imagine the possible developments if we are interested in the question of the veil in the public space of the institutions ( "neutral") and the public space of free choice (a relative) : "As the said Laclau, "I cannot say a differential identity without the distinguish of a context, and in the process of manufacture of this distinction, I say the context at the same time"[ 5].
When the trans express a desire for integration and to insert or for challenge and claim they claim a context. One of their politicization beyond their condition of life. The subculture trans is left then apprehend taking into account of the evolution of the fact trans with the definitions of identity contextualizations as much as with the emergence and affirmation of a network of associations and activist, a network of mutual or friendliness. The idea that these subcultures trans are intertwined and mingle, are constructed and are instead deconstructing are not without mentioning a dialectic of cultural movements.
In this sense, we also posit that the social and cultural modeling themselves are of consumer products resulting from cuts out and intra-communities. The action or process of making available ( "put to the scope of all") is, to our field, to make it accessible and intelligible the alternative identities - as set of minorities intentionally constructed both by the majority culture (the more shared) that by subcultures. The Cultural Studies allow the analysis of popular culture or the "general public" as "the whole of minorities intentionally constructed through identity assertions, subculturelles or militant "[ 6]. Said and lived as a minority, claimant and creator of subculture, the group remains in transidentitaire does not least part of the popular culture - therefore mediaculture in some way to consider the whole of the associative fabric and activist transidentitaire is communicating.
The first form of acculturation found by us, is that of the evolution of the figure "trans-genre" in the gay and lesbian groups, evolving in partner unacceptable to feasible then acceptable, to glamourise-e and inducted into-e to displays-e as a spouse or joint finally. This evolution reflects less a mode of meeting emotional and sexual that the negotiations between subcultures which intersect and ironwork. Such a interbreeding, we think it is possible that the romantic encounter participated in and the building of the concept activist (designated by the acronym LGBTIQ…) in its cultural dimension. The television series, the talk shows and reality TV, would be the echoes, the witnesses and the stakeholders of these cross-adapt differently. In a paraphrase in part Eric Mace (The imaginary media, 2006), we think of Princess Xena , Absolutely Fabulous, Queer as folk, Ally McBeal DVD., Friends, Sex in the city, The L World, Cold box, The Experts, FBI door disappeared, Gray's Anatomy, Dr House, Nip & Tuck, Dirty sexy money, Ugly Betty, True Blood or even Hit & Miss, in an approach "comprehensive" of these media and not only "denouncing" (and sometimes up to the blindness).
Note that now, in the aftermath of a program on the trans', it is no longer only the trans' which react and speak out on the issue on the social networks and community media but also the communities "allied" (gay, lesbian, bi, anarchists, libertarians, etc. ) and the university engaged in gender studies. All of these alliances "natural" or "cyclical" more or less well (desa- )approved are to give a point of view since they are located, since these subcultures is permeate each other. Posited as an exercise to the subculture that trans is in a minority context LGTIQ…, then there is a great probability that the proponents of this culture to be able to articulate see to practice the culture of "above" and so on up to reach the context of a modern culture, hegemonic. In contrast, it is not obvious that the cultivation of "above" have the will or the capacity to understand the cultures trans. To put it another way, if those-of the-outside we include it is because we let them understand us. In the case of some of the conversations on topics trans, with a language trans and codes of narration trans, the one-of-outside will understand absolutely nothing, even though we're talking about the same language. It will be all the more the feeling of having entered a few points and is not going to be concerned about more than that out of what he has not understood, because he does not know "that he did not understand ".
Jacob Hale[ 7], author of many works to be classified in the Transgender Studies, has asked the rules for the use of those who write about the trans[ 8]. The first points are saying what should be in whole or part a epistemology of studies on the transidentite to outsiders:
1. Dreading your subject with humility: you are not experts on the transsexual, transgender, transsexual is contrary or the trans. The transsexuals, them, the are.
2. Ask your position and the way in which you exercise the power, power that we have not (including the powers of access, the legal power, institutional, material power… ). Ask how this affects what you see and what you say. What is your interest and what is the origin of your interest in this question?
3. Beware of the reproduction of the following elements of speech (that Sandy Stones articulated in "The Empire Strikes Back"[ 9] And reminding us of a speech colonial) : the exotisation ( "fascination with the exotic " ), the refusal of the subjectivity; a lack of access to speech dominant, followed by a rehabilitation of this same speech.
4. Do not erase our votes, while ignoring what we say and write, or by the deformations coarse (as Hausman did at Sandy Stone and Kate Bornstein), for instance by denying our academic references or insistence on the condition of having academic references if we want to be taken seriously.
Open a parenthesis here on the way in which the media, and the university to a certain extent, they touched the ground in the early days of the associative support. The television was looking for ego (of people ready to tell, and even magnet can tell), distinguishing the public associations of the cabaret and of prostitution. Stigma that the trans will reproduce.
The students were on their side in information seekers, wishing to be put in contact with the responsible associative. Their presentation, the more often clumsy ( "union minimum "fun-it) was silent as the reality of their work that the need for a "return". A suspicion" school" came to me quickly: the only choice of the subject (a "good" subject) is sufficient to guarantee "the average" or more[ 10]. On one side the media deal with the field of the typologies already constructed in the light of their specific requests, and of the other students adopt the exercise of style hope surcharge or promising for the more seasoned. "Some came in late in thesis as conquerors on an island to colonize. They came see their future patients consenting" [ 11], remembers MR. -Y. Thomas. Since then, other contacts with students have been held with the creation of the association without Counterfeiting in Marseilles in 2005: in Psychiatry, right, in Anthropology, Art[ 12]. Most were in before a culture of the various epistemologies of feminists that it was question of the kind. Other students are, however, to be very lacking: no note-taking in nearly three hours of maintenance for example, or even request derisory and finally unexplained (the first name of birth of the interviewee) after several hours of labor with regard to transsexual is contrary to law. Such examples were unfortunately the more numerous, and many of the directors of research would be amazed to learn how the "subjects" or "objects" trans have been addressed or treated. There are even "testimony", in a doctoral thesis, a pioneer of the field which has never worked to tel.
Continue with the recommendations of benevolent Jacob Hale:
5. Be careful with our words. They are very often included in the conversations that we have in our communities. We can participate in conversations that overlap within multiple communities, for example, our communities trans, our scholarly communities (both those that are interdisciplinary than those who are disciplinary petty), the feminist communities, the queer communities, communities of color. Be careful with these conversations, their places, and our places within the community structures, structures of power. Otherwise, you do not understand our words.
6. Do we stay only not, do not represent us, we or our speech, such as monolithic or unique. Look carefully at each use of the singular and the plural.
7. Do not blindly quote the "experts" non-transsexuals, for example Harry Benjamin, Robert Stoller, Leslie Lothstein, Janice Raymond, and Virginie-Prince or Marjorie Garber. Apply them the same sense of criticism as to anyone else.
9. When you talk about the speech MTF[ 13], OF phenomena, of experiences, their lives, the subjectivities, of modes of realization, etc, visit the explicit throughout your demonstration. THE indicate one or two times is not sufficient to undermine the whole of paradigms on the issue. Do not dispose of the occasional references to the speech transsexual FtM, of phenomena, of experiences, their lives, the subjectivities, modes of realization, etc, without asking you what is the purpose of these references and whether or not these purposes are legitimate.
10. Please be aware that if you judge us in reference to your political agenda (or your diaries) taken as a measure or standard, in particular without even ask you if your agenda could enter in conflict with our or pass in front of the our, that it is just as legitimate (or illegitimate) for us to use our political agenda as item of measurement allow us to judge your work.
11. Place the emphasis on what watch the transsexual, transgender, transsexual is contrary, you fact to you, and not: what is this you said on the subjects trans?
12. Ask yourself if you can travel in our universe trans. Otherwise, you probably won't enter what we are talking about. Remember that we live most of the time in a world non-transsexual and that as a result, we have probably access to what you are talking about.
13. Do you not imagine that you can write on the certain psychotropic substances of transsexuality, the figure of the transsexual, the speech or positions of the transsexual subjects, without writing about the transgender subjectivities, their lives, the experiences, the modes of realization. Ask yourself what kind of relationship there is between these categorical constructions. That is to say also what are the implications from the point of view of what you write in comparison with that which you wouldn't write not on another subject.
14. Do you not imagine that there is only one certain psychotropic substances of transsexuality, a single digit" of "Transsexual, or a single speech transsexual to any place.
15. If you are dealing with your work closely enough to be in anger, with a detailed critique, don't take it as a rejection, irritability, a delusional disorder or the effects of the poisoning by testosterone. It is a * gift * .
With Jacob Hale we dealt with a certain "intimacy" of groups trans. It is regrettable, however the french side a lack of recognition, when this is not the rejection, of the theory end of the field. Enmity kill and distort the debates and their developments in such a way that the "baby" is immune never when the bath water is changed. The Internet allows the dissemination of knowledge but also knowledge of nicknames. The result is written clumsy or peremptory assertions which will laws. So we are with the confusion such as "sexual identity and the identity of kind it is more of the-same". There is no more to see the denial of critical inputs of feminists and their various epistemologies. It is regrettable and "that is not much to say" sings Mickey 3D (and it is not going to laugh at). You can also read assimilations fast on what would be the trans or non-primary and secondary, or the "evil" that would represent these "militants trans in anger", a phrase in the right line of the philosophy of Colette Chiland and its peers. One should not speak of transphobie not more, etc.
In order to not resemble the heroes of Gustave Flaubert it must engage in the requirement and in excellence. And not such a Bouvard and Pecuchet a cultural cause of disasters by an inability to understand that it cannot be improvised agronomist, sociologist, musician, astronomer, physicist, professor, gymnast, philosopher, cook, mathematician, etc. overnight without learn and understand, and on the only faith to a belief any personal. The cultures trans must not inflict this against what they are fighting.
[ 1] Within the meaning of cultures underground (underground) and non-sub-cultures because the French translation led to a pejorative connotation. See Hervé Glevarec, Eric Macé, Eric Maigret (ed. ), Cultural Studies. Anthology, Armand Colin, et al. " Mediacultures", 2008.
[ 2] The cultural domination of a group or class, and the role played by the daily practices and the collective beliefs in the systems of domination. Read between other texts: "The organization of the school and the culture", in Europe, no. 3, March 1955, translation of Mr. Soriano; "The science and the scientific ideologies", in man and the company, no. 13, July-seven. 1969.
[ 3] Identities and Cultures, policies of Cultural Studies, expanded edition, Paris: editions Amsterdam, 2008, p. 395.
[ 4] Ibidem.
[ 5] Stuart Hall citing Ernesto Laclau: Emancipation(s) Radical Thinkers , verso, 2007.
[ 6] Eric Macé, op. cit. , p. 42. The sociologist returns to the article of Patrick Cute: "Richard Hoggart to Cultural studies', in spirit, March-April, 2002 ; The Guern, Philippe (Dir. ), the Cults media. Culture fan works and cults, pure, 2002.
[ 7] read his biography, [Online], http://www.csun.edu/~hcphi002/
[ 8] They were listed by Sandy Stone, "Suggested Rules for Non-Transsexuals Writing about serviced transsexuals, Transsexuality, Transsexualism, gold Trans ____.", [Online], http://sandystone.com/hale.rules.html (translated from the English by Arnaud Alessandrino).
[ 9] Sandy Stone, "The Empire Strikes Back. A Posttranssexual Manifesto", Body Guards; Routledge 1991.
[ 10] These passages will be sometimes written to the first person because they narrate a personal experience and subjective.
[ 11] comments collected in maintenance. Let us be clear that it has met with many students during its hotlines in the Center Gay and Lesbian Community of Paris in the period 1996-1998 in the framework of the media organized by the ASB. I joined the team in support of this association end of 1996, and myself made the experience of this exercise practice imposes. I had just to put my studies in parentheses at the beginning of the third cycle, but before these students i was constantly reduced to a "state of patient" despite the evidence that I gave to a university culture.
[ 12] These contacts took place either with Maud-Yeuse Thomas, on myself, and sometimes both of us.
[ 13] MTF = Male to Female / ftm = Female to Male.
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Text submitted to copyright: excerpt from a publication coming soon.
Cynthia and Melissa Arra
The Order of the words
(75 Minutes, french version)
ESPINEIRA Karine for the subject in the city.
A black screen. A voice. The expression "whore of trans !" to conclude these few seconds of total absence of images. Seconds that seem so long, if short. First, let's look at the words of the trans' before we look at their image. The will is displayed, claimed. We will listen before watching.
The Order of words[ 1] of Cynthia Arra and Melissa Arra is a reproduction of 75 minutes, and date of 2007. The film gives voice to six persons trans' [ 2] and intersexe which are expressed not only on their suffering but before any on their positioning in relation to the normation[ 3]. Sometimes in agreement, sometimes in disagreement, because such is the condition of the trans', not to say the human condition simply face to the arbitrary of the symbolic, of our societies binaries, bipolar, making the difference an inequality.
It is form a story combining the known stories trans' such as popularized by forty years of media coverage, and the unknown of their thoughts, those that we do not hear, including the public knows so little, if anything. A floor that is requested, without making a irony free, if it is to express themselves in the followed by therapeutic, because it is surprising that it has taken so long to reach us, whereas the trans' have refined their words and their thoughts of dramatically over the past fifteen years.
From Maud Thomas to Vincent He-Say , there is a generation according to the tic-tac of the biological clock, and a few years of militances, theorizing, of thoughts condensed, worked, appropriate, rendered, developed and translated. A theorising which are not excluded from the other players. Tom Reucher or Carine Beef mix just as subtly personal anecdotes and critical eyes on a situation of exception permitting the exercise of the singularity to the trans'. With Vincent Avrons and Vincent Guillot, a cry quiet, almost calm, on the difficulty and the happiness to be itself in the feeling of love, in the intimate relationship to the body pleasure, to the emotional body, the body pain, that are also the body and the soul intersexe to regard one of them.
The Order of words is made of rare stories, a valuable floor trying to help fill the empty and too-full of words for the A(e)s and other. His party took aesthetics is an opportunity for the words in relation to these images shaping our interpretations, sometimes misused, because sometimes we forget to hear to default to listen to. We have had to wait until two decades for the documentary to make a place to this floor, an objective that the television has not yet been able to achieve.
On the site the subject in the Quote:http://www.lesujetdanslacite.com/ordredesmotschronique.pdf
1 Bindings words in its English version. The documentary, which is an international career. Movie Blog: http://lordredesmots-le-film.blogspot.com/
2 Trans' to say transidentitaire ; transidentitaire for say transsexe, transgender, or still intergenre agenre.
3 In reference to Michel Foucault, the standard prescribes the difference, and therefore the normal and the abnormal.
Transidentites: subtract the differences in the diagnostic
The documentary "Diagnosing difference", based on an analysis of the issue of diversity that covers the transidentites, of the problem of diagnosis, and of the societal and individual realities resulting.
Saturday, February 11 was broadcast for the first time in France the feature "diagnosing difference" [ 1]. On one hour of testimony, thirteen successive: Susan Stryker, Adela Vazquez… they come back, all in their own way, on the iatrogenic effects of psychiatric categories, on their direct effects on the story tellingdes transidentites and on the modes of recognition they impose. "It does bring me nothing this label" said one of the interviewed; "I cannot call my boss the morning to tell him: "forgiveness boss, I simply will not work today, I have a disorder of the identity of kind… ". Like the story of Valerie Mitteaux ( "my gender is not my type" [ 2] ), the profiles and stories trans' of "diagnosing difference" we seem to both respond to a promise of inclusion around the use of the term 'transidentite" ( "transsexual, trangenre, genderqueer: there is as much of designations that you want to ") and to an upgrade to poorly of the diagnosis "transsexual" as a central element and necessary to subjectivations trans' " Is it that there is a need to improve the diagnosis? The question is: Is that what we need a diagnosis?"; "I will say that I have a identification of kind less frequent, it won't make a me a pathology." As element of classification and recognition, the appellation "transsexual" is then denounced as a taxation maltraitante [ 3] and desubjectivante: "It is too violent for wanting to make people fit into categories pathologisantes"; "I have never had the impression of having a problem. That the company does not have a place for me, that is the source of the problem. "; "The categories of sex and gender are not flexible enough to contain that i am"; "The diagnosis i was stolen my identity".
In a sense Delphyiste we could say that "tell the difference" means to "tell the hierarchy" [ 4]. Thus, by creating a framework out "transsexual", it is established primarily a prioritization between the "trans" and the "cis" [ 5], the non-trans, so that the diagnosis, that is to say, the a posteriori validation of the difference, is carried out to the detriment of the identities of minority genres, immediately flipped on the side of the deviance. The diagnosis requires then "assassins of normality", a procedure of cisexualisation identities of America's "transgender". However, the experiences of genres experienced spill out of the genres assigned and reassigned gender [ 6]. They say today the plurality without promising a standardization. ( …)
The suite onGanymede
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[ 1] I borrowed the formulation of the "diagnosis of the difference" in the story "diagnosing difference" of Annalise Ophelian (2009) of which the sub-title is: "the nature loves diversity, this are the humans who have a problem with ca"
[ 2] Read for example: "My gender is not my kind", Observatory of Transidentites, November 2011, available on:http://observatoire-des-transidentites.over-blog.com
[ 3] SIRONI F. , Psychology(s) of the transgender Summer of transsexuals, Odile Jacob, 2011.
[ 4] DELPHY C. , Classify, dominate, which are the "other" ?, the manufactured, 2008
[ 5] "Cis" means "the same side of ". The "Cisidentite" thus refers to the congruence between the experiences of kind experienced and the assignment of type made at birth. Read to this proposal: Rosso Serano J. ,Whipping girl, a transsexual woman on sexism doesn't and the scapegoating of feminity, Seal edition, 2007
[ 6] Alessandrino A. , Law, psychiatry and body Trans: the triple overflow, in the borders of the kind (eds. ), THE Harmattan, 2012.